In this review, we summarise the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in pyroptosis, as well as recent advances in the role of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis in the development of diabetes and diabetic complications.
Reduced angiopoietin-TIE2 receptor tyrosine kinase signaling in the vasculature leads to increased vascular permeability, inflammation, and endothelial cell loss and is associated with the development of diabetic complications.
The above pharmacological effects signify that HMG-R inhibitors and EZ (alone or in combination) may implied in the treatment of AGEs-induced oxidative stress and tissue damage in diabetic complicationsvia targeting intracellular-ROS, NRP-1 functionality and RAGE-associated genes i.e.NF-κB, TGFβ-1, and MMP-2.
Objective Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, steatohepatitis and nephropathy are considered among the most important complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), which recently increased due to increased frequency of DM and the prolonged life span of diabetic patients The aim of the present study was to reveal the possible effect of hesperidin (HP) on alpha-klotho (α-KL)/ fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) pathway in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (STZ).
These results suggest that <i>Aggf1</i> is required for essential function of EPCs, AGGF1 fully reverses the damaging effects of hyperglycemia on EPCs, and AGGF1 priming of EPCs is a novel treatment modality for vascular complications in DM.
Taken together, we identify SMPDL3b as a modulator of insulin signaling and demonstrate that supplementation with exogenous C1P may represent a lipid therapeutic strategy to treat diabetic complications such as DKD.
RESULTS A comparison was made in this study, where LINC-PINT did not experience significant downregulation level in the majority of those suffering diabetes complications when in contrast to healthy controls, while LINC-PINT expression was found in diabetics.
Given the participation of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, we evaluated, in type 1 diabetes (T1D) individuals, the association between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in regulatory regions of two genes belonging to the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) system: rs17883901 in GCLC and rs713041 in GPX4.
O-linked-β-N-Acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAcylation), a reversible post-translational modification involved in diabetic complications, is regulated by only two enzymes, O-linked N-acetylglucosamine transferase (OGT) and β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase (OGA).
Here, we describe the function and role of human 12-LOX, and mouse 12-LOX and 12/15-LOX, in the development of diabetes and diabetes-related complications, and describe promise in the development of strategies to limit pro-inflammatory metabolites, primarily via new small molecule 12-LOX inhibitors.