The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)/leukocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) adhesion system regulates leukocyte interactions, migration, and adhesion, and appears to play an important role in atherosclerosis and thrombosis.
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a member of an immunoglobulin-like superfamily of adhesion molecules that mediate leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium and are involved in several cardiovascular diseases, including ischemia-reperfusion injury, myocardial infarction, and atherosclerosis.
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of a technique for atherosclerosis imaging using local delivery of relatively small quantities (0.04-0.4 mg/kg) of labeled-specific imaging tracers targeting ICAM-1 and unpolymerized type I collagen or negative controls in 13 rabbits with atheroma induced by balloon injury in the abdominal aorta and a 12-week high-cholesterol diet.
In addition, PM<sub>1</sub> upregulated ICAM-1 expression in EA.hy926 cells through TNF-α/NF-κB signaling pathways, promoting the adhesion of endothelial cells and monocytes, a key event in the initiation of atherosclerosis.
The levels of CLOCK, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), perilipin 2 (ADFP), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), as well as the number of atherosclerotic plaques were elevated in the AS mouse model, as compared with the control group.
In summary, our study has established that Ginkgolide B ameliorates endothelial dysfunction via targeting LOX-1, NOX-4, MCP-1, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 along with the markers associated with inflammatory cascades and thus could be promoted as a valuable therapeutic agent in prevention and management of atherosclerosis.
Our results showed that administration of 100μM of H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> on HUVECs for 2, 6, 12 and 24 h induced a time-dependent increase in ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 mRNA and protein expression levels with a significant increase observed from 6 h. HUVECs exposed to H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> exhibit increased O<sub>2</sub><sup>-</sup>, suggesting that H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> induced oxidative stress may be a reasonable for atherosclerosis.
A mouse model of atherosclerosis was induced by feeding Apoe<sup>-/-</sup> mice a hypercholesterolemic diet and was verified with hematoxylin and eosin staining and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression.
Inhibition of PARP decreases vascular endothelial cell adhesion P-selectin and ICAM-1 molecules, inflammatory cells, pro-death caspase-3, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation and upregulates prosurvival extracellular signal-regulated kinases and AKT, which decrease vascular cell apoptosis and necrosis and limit atherosclerosis and plaque disruption.
The present review highlights the role of various miRNAs in controlling the expression of E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1: a type of regulation that can be harnessed for therapeutic prevention of inflammation-associated diseases such as atherosclerosis and sepsis.
We found that atherosclerosis progression was markedly attenuated in mice deleted for ShcA in endothelial cells, that macrophage content was reduced at the sites of lesions, and that adhesion molecules such as the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were severely reduced.
Furthermore, PCB126 exposure in MCD-fed mice led to increased plasma inflammatory markers such as Icam-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and proatherogenic trimethylamine-N-oxide, suggesting inflammation of the peripheral vasculature that is characteristic of atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis PCR array and qPCR analyses showed upregulation of adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and E-selectin in HAECs upon SAA stimulation.
We found that SAA (80μg/mL) induced 3.5- to 37.8-fold increases in the expression of targets known to play important roles in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis (i.e., ICAM-1, MCP-1, MMP-9 and TF) via NF-κB regulation within one hour after exposure.