Recently, somatic mutations that activate NFE2L2, including mutations in <i>NFE2L2, KEAP1</i>, or <i>CUL3</i>, have been found to be associated with poor outcomes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Erastin and APAP promoted NSCLC cell death by regulating nucleus translocation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2); and the ferroptosis induced by erastin and APAP was abrogated by bardoxolone methyl (BM) with less generation of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde.
To clarify metabolic features of NRF2-activated lung cancers, we conducted targeted metabolomic (T-Met) and global metabolomic (G-Met) analyses of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines in combination with exome and transcriptome analyses.
Finally, we report that NRF2 protein expression in a NSCLC cohort exceeds the typical incidence of combined NRF2, KEAP1, and CUL3 mutations, and that NRF2 expression in this cohort is correlated with PIDD levels.
Using multiple isogenic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, we observed a reduction of Nrf2 protein and activity in a prometastatic mesenchymal cell state and increased reactive oxygen species.
In this study, we discovered that overexpression of antioxidant-responsive element (ARE)-containing Nrf2 target genes by increased transactivation of Nrf2 occurred because of an acquired Keap1 mutation in the gefitinib-resistant (GR) NSCLC cell line we established.
Specifically, Nrf2 plays an indispensable role in NSCLC cell sensitivity to platinum-based treatments and we found that combination of CP-673451 and cisplatin produced a synergistic anticancer effect and substantial ROS production in vitro.
In the present study a traditional Chinese medicine, triptolide, was identified that markedly inhibited expression and transcriptional activity of Nrf2 in various cancer cells, including NSCLC and liver cancer cells.
We further identified an NRF2-regulated metabolic gene signature (NRMGS) by correlating the microarray data with lung adenocarcinoma RNA-Seq gene expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas followed by qRT-PCR validation, and finally showed that higher expression of the signature conferred a poor prognosis in 8 independent NSCLC cohorts.
The transcription factor NRF2 is a master regulator of the cellular antioxidant response, and it is often genetically activated in non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) by, for instance, mutations in the negative regulator KEAP1.