In this study, we analyzed by real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) the expression of DPD and of members of the cellular oscillation machinery, period 1 (Per1), period 2 (Per2), and CLOCK, in primary colorectal tumors and normal colon mucosa derived from the same patients.
In this study, the mRNA expression levels of these 81 selected genes and the genes of 5-FU-related enzymes, including thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT), were measured using real-time quantitative RT-PCR assays of surgically resected materials from primary colorectal tumors in 22 patients.
Median gene expression levels of TP and TS did not differ significantly between primary colorectal tumor and corresponding lymph node metastasis but median DPD gene expression levels in the lymph node metastases were significantly higher compared to matched primary colorectal tumors (p=0.015).
Both gene expression for orotate phosphoribosyltransferase and its ratio to dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase influence outcome following fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer.
DPD and TS expressions were measured by reverse transcription-PCR in surgically resected materials of primary colorectal tumors from 37 patients who went on to receive oral treatment of uracil and tegafur and leucovorin for either synchronous or metachronous metastatic diseases.
The tumor:normal ratio for DPD mRNA, protein, and activity was relatively stable in liver (0.25, 0.55, and 0.51, respectively) but varied considerably in colon (0.085, 0.9, and 1.25, respectively), consistent with enhanced translation of DPD transcript in primary colorectal tumor.