Logistic regression analysis identified prior neurologic event (P = .046), nonelective surgery (P = .047), absence of coronary artery disease (P = .035), and preoperative angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use (P = .029) to be associated with 30-day ipsilateral stroke risk, but contralateral ICA occlusion remained an independent predictor in that model (odds ratio, 2.29; P = .026).
Several small, short-term trials suggested benefit on albuminuria in subjects with diabetes; however, results were not definitive.Welty et al. showed that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for 1 year slowed progression of early-stage albuminuria in subjects with diabetes with clinical coronary artery disease on an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin-receptor blocker, the majority of whom had an albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) < 30 μg/mg.
Genetic polymorphisms of MMP-3 5A/6A and ACE I/D along with conventional ischaemic heart disease risk factors increase the risk of the occurrence of STEMI, while having no influence on the pathogenesis of NSTEMI.
Advanced Strategies in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Failure: When Heart Failure Causes Ischemia and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor and Betablockers Helps in Diuresis.
These 11 therapies were for patients with heart failure (angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, aldosterone receptor antagonists and digoxin), stable coronary artery disease (intensive statin therapy), asthma exacerbations (early inhaled corticosteroids in the emergency department and anticholinergics), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (long-acting muscarinic antagonists and long-acting beta-2 adrenoceptor agonists) and schizophrenia (second-generation antipsychotics and depot/maintenance antipsychotics).
Comparative Effectiveness of Combination Therapy with Statins and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors versus Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study in Korea.
Thus, EPA and DHA supplementation should be considered as additional therapy to an angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitor or angiotensin-receptor blocker in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease.
Before hospital admission, 84% of patients had antiplatelet therapy compared with 96% at discharge (P = 0.0004); 73% had a statin, compared with 83% at discharge (P = 0.001); 64% had an ACE inhibitor or ARB, compared with 63% at the time of discharge (P = 1).The proportion of patients receiving best medical treatment at admission and discharge increased in case of coronary artery disease (P = 0.004).
Thus, our study suggests that genetic polymorphisms of angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion are associated with in-stent restenosis in coronary artery disease patients following coronary stenting.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers versus angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in patients with stable coronary artery disease: Prevalence, correlates, and prognostic impact (from the CORONOR study).
Relationship of the rs1799752 polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene and the rs699 polymorphism of the angiotensinogen gene to the process of in-stent restenosis in a population of Polish patients with stable coronary artery disease.
Association between angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphisms and different clinical and echocardiographic outcomes has been described in patients with heart failure (HF) and coronary artery disease.