The ApoA-1 Synthesis Stimulation and intravascular Ultrasound for coronary atheroma Regression Evaluation (ASSURE; NCT01067820) study employed serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) measures of coronary atheroma in 281 patients treated with apabetalone or placebo for 26 weeks.
Amyloid deposits of WT apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the main protein component of high-density lipoprotein, accumulate in atherosclerotic plaques where they may contribute to coronary artery disease by increasing plaque burden and instability.
Association of High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol Versus Apolipoprotein A-I With Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer-Norfolk Prospective Population Study, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, and the Women's Health Study.
The proinflammatory enzyme myeloperoxidase induces both oxidative modification and nitrosylation of specific residues on plasma and arterial apolipoprotein A-I to render HDL dysfunctional, which results in impaired ABCA1 macrophage transport, the activation of inflammatory pathways, and an increased risk of coronary artery disease.
Non-synonymous and regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes implicated in HDL-C synthesis and metabolism are likely to influence plasma HDL-C, apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) levels and severity of coronary atherosclerosis.
Human data raised the possibility that coronary heart disease is associated with mutations in the apolipoprotein gene cluster APOA1/C3/A4 that result in multideficiency of cluster-encoded apolipoproteins and hypoalphalipoproteinemia.
Recent evidence from a double-blind, randomized study showed that treatment with apolipoprotein A-I Milano (ApoA-I Milano) in a complex with phospholipids produced significant regression of the coronary atheroma burden in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
The multivariate model included 512 men with coronary artery disease from the REGRESS study who were completely genotyped for eight polymorphisms selected in the univariate procedure (ie, APOA1 G(-75)A, ABCA1 C(-477)T, ABCA1 G1051A, APOC3 T3206G, APOE Arg158Cys, LIPC C(-514)T, LPL Asn291Ser and LPL Ser447Stop).
The association between lipoprotein(a) levels, apolipoprotein(a) size and the (TTTTA)(n) polymorphism which is located in the 5' non-coding region of the apo(a) gene was studied in 263 patients with severe coronary heart disease and 97 healthy subjects.