Here, we analysed the effect of T1D-associated major HLA class II haplotypes and seven single nucleotide polymorphisms in six non-HLA genes [INS (rs689), PTPN22 (rs2476601), IL2RA (rs12722495 and rs2104286), PTPN2 (rs45450798), CTLA4 (rs3087243) and ERBB3 (rs2292239)] on peripheral blood Treg frequencies.
The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the association of common type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) gene variants (protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 [PTPN22] rs2476601C/T, insulin [INS] rs689A/T and transcription factor 7-like 2 [TCF7L2] rs7903146C/T) with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA).
The PTPN22 +1858 allele and genotype distribution were markedly different between APS, type 1 diabetes [T1D; odds ratio (OR): 2.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.52 to 4.68; P = 0.001], Graves disease (GD; OR: 1.94; 95% CI: 1.16 to 3.25; P = 0.011), and controls (OR: 3.31, 95% CI: 1.82 to 6.02; P < 0.001).
A C1858T single nucleotide polymorphism within PTPN22 (which encodes PTPN22<sup>R620W</sup>) is associated with an enhanced susceptibility to multiple autoimmune diseases including type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
Our aims were to investigate the distribution of selected PTPN22 and FCRL3 gene polymorphisms and their associations with clinical course of disease in children with newly diagnosed T1DM from the Pomeranian region of Poland.
This study suggests a possible association between the T allele of PTPN22 gene and TT genotype of IL2RA with T1D in studied Egyptian children, especially, females with early onset diabetes who carried the 1858T allele.
This review article is focused on the impact of SNP's in PTPN2 (protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 2) and PTPN22 (protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22) on the development of Crohn's disease and T1D.