Thus, increased Th17/Th1 and Th17/Treg ratios were found in SLE patients but not in pAPS patients. pAPS and SLE patients had higher serum IL-6 levels than HC but there was not difference between both disease groups.
Poorer cognitive function was associated with longer SLE disease duration ( p = 0.003) and higher MD ( p = 0.03) and, in adjusted analysis, higher levels of IL-6 ( ß = -0.15, p = 0.02) but not with MD.
The frequency of the interleukin-6 GG and GC genotypes was significantly higher in SLE patients than in controls, and a significantly higher percentage of the G vs C alleles between patients and controls was revealed (odds ratio 2.53, 95% confidence interval 1.37-4.65, chi-squared test 8.16, P < 0.05).
In addition, IL-6 mRNA levels positively correlated and AM mRNA levels negatively correlated with SLE disease activity index and laboratory findings, such as blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, 50% haemolytic unit of complement and urinary excretion of protein over 24 h. Furthermore, IL-6 mRNA levels were negatively correlated with AM mRNA levels within the same LN patients.
We found that (1) exogenous rIL-10 and rIL-4 mediated reduction of constitutive and lectin-induced IL-6 in monocytes of SLE patients as effectively as that of controls; (2) IL-6 mRNA decay was significantly delayed in SLE with active disease (P < 0.001); (3) adding rIL-10 or neutralizing endogenous IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha down-regulated IL-6 mainly by destabilizing IL-6 transcripts, whereas exogenous IL-4 and TGF beta 1 down-regulated IL-6 transcriptionally; (4) time kinetics and levels of IL-10 were lower than those of IL-6 and IL-1 beta.