Mutations in the pregnancy-associated plasma protein A2 (PAPP-A2) gene have recently been shown to cause postnatal growth failure in two prepubertal patients from a non-consanguineous Spanish family due to the resulting decrease in IGF1 bioavailability.
We describe a 13-month old girl with severe growth failure who showed a low GH response to two GH provocation tests and a modest increase of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to an IGF-1 generation test.
<b>Background:</b> Imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, causes growth failure in children with chronic myeloid leukemia probably by targeting the growth hormone (GH)/insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis.
Background Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor 1 (rhIGF-I) has been approved as an orphan drug for the treatment of growth failure in children and adolescents with severe primary IGF-I deficiency (SPIGFD) with little pharmacokinetic data available.
This review focuses on the most recent discovery: mutations in the metalloproteinase pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2), one of the proteases involved in liberating IGF-1 from the complexes in which it circulates, in patients with delayed growth failure.
The results of the in-vitro study do not support the hypothesis that IGF-I/IGF-II resistance is a major pathogenetic mechanism responsible for the growth failure in the subgroup of SRS children with IGF2/H19 hypomethylation.
The phenotype includes reduced but not absent serum GH, with abnormal response to a variety of stimuli, and low serum insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, resulting in proportionate growth failure which becomes evident in the first year of life.