Previously, we demonstrated that Fsp27a is directly regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in fatty livers of genetically obese leptin deficient ob/ob mice and that Fsp27b may potentially be regulated by different factors transcriptionally as they both have a different promoter region.
MF treatment led to a decrease in food intake, the body and fat weights, the plasma levels of glucose, insulin and leptin, all increased in agouti-mice, to an improvement of the lipid profile and glucose sensitivity, and to a reduced fatty liver degeneration.
We found significant associations between increasing maternal prepregnancy BMI, being born large for gestational age, offspring level of sCD163, as well as offspring metabolic risk factors (decreasing adiponectin and HDL cholesterol and increasing leptin, HOMA of insulin resistance, and HOMA of insulin secretion) and degree of fatty liver.
Here we show that high intake of salt activates the aldose reductase-fructokinase pathway in the liver and hypothalamus, leading to endogenous fructose production with the development of leptin resistance and hyperphagia that cause obesity, insulin resistance, and fatty liver.
We investigated the liver effect of leptin independently of insulin sensitization and appetite suppression using hepatocyte-specific Pten-deficient (AlbCrePtenff) mouse, a model of severe fatty liver with insulin hypersensitivity.
Adoptive transfer of iNKT cells into obese mice or in vivo activation of iNKT cells via their lipid ligand, alpha-galactocylceramide, decreased body fat, triglyceride levels, leptin, and fatty liver and improved insulin sensitivity through anti-inflammatory cytokine production by adipose-derived iNKT cells.