BKI-1553 treatment decreased fever in infected pregnant ewes already after two applications, resulted in a 37-50% reduction in foetal mortality, and modulated immune responses; IFNγ levels were increased early after infection and IgG levels were reduced subsequently.
Our aim was to investigate the effects of hyperthermia, ultraviolet A rays (UVA), and ultraviolet C rays (UVC) as well as glucose and ascorbic acid (AA) on the regulation of human β-defensin 1 (DEFB1), cathelicidin (CAMP), and interferon-γ (IFNG) genes in normal human keratinocytes (NHK).
The association of IFN-γrs2069705 with the risk of breast cancer was not significant among all participants, while the CT/TT genotypes were significantly related to an elevated risk of breast cancer [1.32 (1.03-1.70)] among the women with <1 fever per year and to a reduced risk of breast cancer [0.63 (0.40-0.99)] among women with ≥1 fever per year compared to the CC genotype.
Using an organotypic culture system, we found that hyperthermia at 42 °C and 45 °C could induce a significant increase in the transcriptional expression of interferon (IFN)-α, IFN-β and IFN-γ, in a temperature-dependent manner in condyloma acuminata (CA), but not in normal skin.
While systemic delivery - the major route used to administer IFN-gamma - results in significant side effects and toxicity, including fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and neurotoxicity, transdermal delivery has a very low transduction efficiency.