These data suggest that the serum levels of ghrelin are significantly positively correlated with Ang II in CHF patients and that ghrelin can inhibit Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis by down-regulating AT1R, thereby playing a role in preventing HF.
Our study suggests that the AT1R-1166CC genotype is associated with increased ICD therapies in patients with chronic HF, and the level of circulating miR-155 may be a potential marker for arrhythmic risk.
To investigate the possible effects of telmisartan and losartan on cardiac function in adriamycin (ADR)-induced heart failure in rats, and to explore the changes in plasma level of angiotensin-(1-7)[Ang-(1-7)] and myocardial expression of angiotensin II type 1/2 receptors (AT(1)R / AT(2)R) and Mas receptor caused by the two drugs.
Heart failure-related genes, such as brain natriuretic peptide, connective tissue growth factor and osteopontin; calcium signaling-related genes, such as ryanodine receptor 2, sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2A2 and adenylate cyclase 7; renin-angiotensin system-related genes, such as angiotensinogen, angiotensin II receptor, type 1 and type 2; and mitochondria-related genes, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma co-activator-1alpha, cytochrome c and transcription factor A mitochondrial, were significantly changed at the apical ventricle rather than at the basal ventricle.
Here we demonstrate that a polymorphism in the AT1R gene (A1166C), linked to increased receptor activity, is associated with elevated levels of oxidative stress markers in heart failure patients but not in healthy controls.
In conclusion, the diminished angiotensin II vasoconstriction with age in heart failure patients is most likely due to a lower density of AT(1) receptors and may result from a longer period of exposure to heart failure in older patients.
An 89-year-old man with severe hypertension (190/82 mm Hg) and chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association class II) despite treatment with benidipine, doxazosin mesylate (INN, doxazosin), and furosemide was given oral candesartan cilexetil (4 mg/d), an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker metabolized via cytochrome p450 (CYP) 2C9.
In human ventricles (n=13), message levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and AT(1) receptor were inversely correlated, which suggests a decrease in AT(1) receptor expression with progressive heart failure.
The goals of our study were the development of a quantitative polymerase chain reaction for angiotensin II receptor type 1 mRNA to determine the angiotensin receptor type 1 (AT1) mRNA content in the atria of patients with end-stage heart failure.