In this report, we used real-time PCR assay to compare relative gene expression of TNFα and IL-6 in PBMC from CHF patients with various heart diseases (n = 42, EF < 45%, NYHA I to IV) and matched healthy control subjects (n = 42).We also determined the TNFα and IL-6 concentrations of cell culture supernatant of PBMCs with ELISA.
To explore the association between ACE gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension who have developed heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).
Moreover, heart failure patients with high plasma Nampt levels showed suppressed cardiac TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression after 6 months' follow-up as well as lower B-type natriuretic peptide levels compared with heart failure patients with low Nampt plasma concentrations.
We found that thrombin-induced COX-2 expression, PGE2 release and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy markers (increase in ANF/BNP, α-actin expression and cell surface area) was attenuated by pretreatment with CORM-2 which was partially reversed by hemoglobin (Hb) or ZnPP (an inhibitor of HO-1 activity), suggesting that HO-1/CO system may be of clinical importance to ameliorate heart failure through inhibition of inflammatory responses.
Conversely, the dual-specific GRK2 and ERK cascade inhibitor, RKIP (Raf kinase inhibitor protein), triggered dysfunctional cardiomyocyte energetics and the expression of heart failure-promoting Pparg-regulated genes.
A recent heart failure (HF) drug, LCZ696 (Entresto(TM)), that combines a neprilysin inhibitor and an angiotensin II receptor inhibitor was suggested to augment circulating B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations, making the results of BNP measurements diagnostically ambiguous.
Our findings that BAG3 is localized at the sarcolemma and t-tubules while modulating myocyte contraction and action potential duration through specific interaction with the β1-adrenergic receptor and L-type Ca(2+) channel provide novel insight into the role of BAG3 in cardiomyopathies and increased arrhythmia risks in heart failure.
Enrolled patients will be at high risk for recurrent heart-failure hospitalizations by virtue of having elevated N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide/BNP (>1,200 pg/ml, or >1,600 pg/ml if atrial fibrillation is present) and/or recent heart failure hospitalization.