Local injection of nerve growth factor (3 µg/50 µl) or the TRPV1 agonist capsaicin (1 μg/50 μl), but not neurotrophin-3 injection (1 µg/50 µl), resulted in long-lasting facial heat hyperalgesia, which was both significantly reduced by previous neurotrophin-3 local treatment.
A dipeptide mimetic of NGF loop 4, bis(N-succinyl-L-glutamyl-L-lysine) hexamethylenediamide (GK-2), developed at the Zakusov Research Institute of Pharmacology, has the NGF-like ability to activate TrkA receptors, but unlike NGF, GK-2 activates mainly the PI3K/AKT pathway associated with neuroprotection and has no effect on the MAPK cascade associated with hyperalgesia, the main side effect of NGF.
Pressure stimulation, contact heat stimulation, hyperalgesia (pinprick stimulation) and allodynia (brush stimulation) to mechanical stimulation were performed in the area where capsaicin and NGF were injected.
Intraplantar injection of NGF<sup>R100W</sup> into adult rats induced neither TrkA-mediated thermal nor mechanical acute hyperalgesia, but retained the ability to induce chronic hyperalgesia based on agonism for TrkA signaling.
This study utilized two established human models of cutaneous nociceptive sensitization to explore how pre-established inflammatory hyperalgesia (ultraviolet-B-irradiation; "UVB") and non-inflammatory neurotrophic pain sensitization (nerve growth factor; "NGF") alter sensitivity to chemical and mechanically evoked itch.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the dynamic expression of NGF in dorsal horn and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of diabetic rats and hyperalgesia and allodynia in diabetic neuropathic pain.