ACE inhibitors, fibrates and AGIs were associated with increased prevalence of cortical cataract in this Asian population, independent of the presence of hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and diabetes, respectively.
The present study further investigated whether inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) or tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) blocks sensitization of ANG II hypertension in offspring of HFD dams.
Albuminuria acts as a marker of progressive chronic kidney disease and as an indicator for initiation of hypertension treatment via modulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system with angiotensin receptor blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.
Repetitive intravenous injection of SHR-EVs increased blood pressure and vascular ACE contents, and promoted vascular remodelling in both strains, while WKY-EVs reduced vascular ACE contents and attenuated hypertension and vascular remodelling in SHR.
We hypothesized that perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, indicated for the treatment of hypertension (Ceconi et al., in Cardiovasc Res 73:237-246, 2007), and which plays a role in preventing endothelial dysfunction, may help to prevent or reduce the severity of regorafenib-induced HFSR.
Low albumin was associated with increasing age, higher urea and C-reactive protein, lower sodium, hemoglobin, iron, less treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker, reduced right ventricular function, and pulmonary hypertension.
The organic extract of B. amyloliquefaciens displayed significantly greater antioxidative properties (IC<sub>90</sub> < 1 mg/mL) and the activities showed considerable positive correlation (r<sup>2</sup> > 0.8, P < 0.05) with the inhibitory activities against angiotensin converting enzyme-I, pro-inflammatory cyclooxygenases and 5-lipoxygenase, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 and hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, which were associated with hypertension, inflammation, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia, respectively.
Whether FGF23 is associated with increased HF risk in populations with hypertension and whether this association is weaker in the presence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) therapy is unknown.
Current therapeutic approach to hypertension management involves the use of drugs that inhibit excessive activities of renin and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), the two main enzymes that control mammalian blood pressure.
In this study, the active peptides, angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptides (MW of 959.46 and 1,141.29 Da), obtained from TCJ hydrolysate and identified by LC-MS/MS would be a beneficial ingredient for nutraceuticals and functional food against hypertension.
Chymase is a major angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-independent angiotensin convertase, and its expression is upregulated in the maternal vascular endothelium in preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder in human pregnancy.
Although these preliminary findings must be confirmed by further researches with larger sample size, we could observe that the integrative analysis of ACE and ACE2 can be an informative tool in hypertension understanding that needs to be explored in new studies.
The present study investigated whether angiotensin (Ang) II-elicited hypertensive response is sensitized in a model of PTSD and whether inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α prior to PTSD blocks this sensitization of Ang II hypertension.
Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors for AKI in patients with AMI included: age (>60 years old) (odds ratio [OR] 1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.05, P = 0.000), hypertension (OR 2.51, 95% CI 1.62-3.87, P = 0.000), chronic kidney disease (OR 3.52, 95% CI 2.01-6.16, P = 0.000), Killip class ≥3 (OR 5.22, 95% CI 3.07-8.87, P = 0.000), extensive anterior myocardial infarction (OR 3.02, 95% CI 1.85-4.93, P = 0.000), use of furosemide (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.02-1.03, P = 0.000), non-use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blocker (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.04-2.40, P = 0.032).
Consensus recommendations were that (i) there is evidence of harm associated with postoperative systolic arterial pressure <90 mm Hg; (ii) for patients with preoperative hypertension, the threshold at which harm occurs may be higher than a systolic arterial pressure of 90 mm Hg; (iii) there is insufficient evidence to precisely define the level of postoperative hypertension above which harm will occur; (iv) a greater frequency of postoperative blood pressure measurement is likely to identify risk of harm and clinical deterioration earlier; and (v) there is evidence of harm from withholding beta-blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in the postoperative period.