In order to identify cases with IDH2 mutations, 50 cases previously diagnosed as angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma were subjected to next-generation sequencing analysis using a custom panel covering four genes frequently mutated in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma including DNMT3A, TET2, IDH2 and RHOA.
We studied a series of 98 n-PTCL samples (comprising 57 AITL and 41 PTCL-NOS) with five T<sub>FH</sub> antibodies (CD10, BCL-6, PD-1, CXCL13, ICOS), looked for mutations in five of the genes most frequently mutated in AITL (<i>TET2</i>, <i>DNMT3A, IDH2, RHOA</i> and <i>PLCG1</i>) using the Next-Generation-Sequencing Ion Torrent platform, and measured the correlations of these characteristics with morphology and clinical features.
Recent sequencing studies have clarified the recurrent mutations in ras homology family member A (RHOA) and in genes encoding epigenetic regulators, tet methyl cytosine dioxygenase 2 (TET2), DNA methyl transferase 3 alpha (DNMT3A) and isocitrate dehydrogenase 2, mitochondrial (IDH2), as well as those related to the T-cell receptor signaling pathway in AITL.
Genome wide sequencing studies have dissected the repertoire of the genetic alterations driving AITL uncovering a highly recurrent Gly17Val somatic mutation in the small GTPase RHOA and major role for mutations in epigenetic regulators, such as TET2, DNMT3A and IDH2, and signaling factors (e.g., FYN and CD28).
Although frequent mutations in TET2, IDH2 and DNMT3A, which are common to various hematologic malignancies, have been identified in AITL, the molecular pathogenesis specific to this lymphoma subtype is unknown.
These analyses identified highly recurrent epigenetic factor mutations in TET2, DNMT3A and IDH2 as well as a new highly prevalent RHOA mutation encoding a p.Gly17Val alteration present in 22 of 35 (67%) angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AITL) samples and in 8 of 44 (18%) PTCL, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) samples.