As based on their region in the gene, some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) can influence the expression of their corresponding proteins, this study aimed to investigate the association between SNP in the IL-10, IL-12, IFN-γ genes and susceptibility to VL.
In addition, PBMCs collected from treated and untreated mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients, as well as in healthy subjects living in endemic region of disease, were in vitro stimulated, when IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 levels were evaluated in the cell supernatant.
Furthermore, stimulation of PBMC isolated from VL patients with rLdcTXN resulted in up-regulation of IL-4 and IL-10 production whereas IL-12 and IFN-γ was significantly down-regulated suggesting a pivotal role of cTXN in provoking the immune suppression during VL.
This was mediated, at least in part, through IFN-γ-induced activation of STAT3 and expression of IL-10, which suggests that splenic macrophages in VL are conditioned to respond to macrophage activation signals with a counter-regulatory response that is ineffective and even disease-promoting.
Results indicated that the administration of live recombinant Leishmania produced a significant high level of IFN-γ accompanied by reduced levels of IL-10 as compared to wild-type parasites as live vaccine control, thus suggesting the induction of a Th1-type immune response in a mouse model of visceral leishmaniasis.
The stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with r-LdODC up-regulated IL-10 production but not IFN-γ production from CD4(+) T cells in active as well as cured visceral leishmaniasis cases, indicating a pivotal role for r-LdODC in causing strong immune suppression in a susceptible host.
In comparison with the spleens of the other two patients without visceral leishmaniasis, an increase was observed in the CD4/CD8 ratio and in the number of IL-10- and FoxP3-producing cells, while the number of IL-17-producing cells was lower in the spleen of the patient with visceral leishmaniasis.
The data presented here confirm the results of previous reports that polymorphisms at the -819 position of the IL-10 gene can influence susceptibility to VL suggesting that the C/T genotype may be considered as a risk factor for the disease.
The IL-10 production and Foxp3 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from VL subjects were observed regulated significantly (p = 0.0131 and 0.0436 when compared with untreated samples) in presence of an antagonist to LFA-3.
Circulating immune complexes (IC) and IC-induced levels of GM-CSF are increased in sudanese patients with acute visceral Leishmania donovani infection undergoing sodium stibogluconate treatment: implications for disease pathogenesis.
To extend testing the therapeutic effects of applying IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) blockade with antileishmanial chemotherapy, BALB/c mice with established intracellular Leishmania donovani infection were injected once with anti-IL-10R mAb at the time low-dose, daily pentavalent antimony (Sb) therapy was initiated.