Rats injected with interleukin-1 (10 micrograms) and tumor necrosis factor (10 micrograms) and then exposed continuously to hyperoxia (greater than 99% O2, 1 atm) survived longer, had increased lung reduced/oxidized glutathione ratios, smaller pleural effusions, less pulmonary hypertension and improved arterial blood gases.
Ex vivo production of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10, though not that of interferon (IFN)-gamma or IL-12, from CD4+ T cells isolated from pleural effusions was higher in the CA group than in the TB or HF group.
To better define these effusions, pleural and peritoneal fluids derived from 12 human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive and one seronegative patients affected by Kaposi's sarcoma or multicentric Castleman's disease were analyzed by a combination of morphologic, immunophenotypic, and DNA analyses, including polymerase chain reaction amplification of HHV-8, Epstein-Barr virus, and immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IgH) gene sequences.
Single mutations in exons 19 and 21 were the predominant observed mutation type, and the overall concordance rate of EGFR-mutation status between the 192 matched pleural effusion and primary tumor tissue samples was 86.98%.
Here, we investigate the efficiency of liquid biopsy using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and extracellular vesicle-derived DNA (EV-derived DNA) from the supernatant of pleural effusions for EGFR genotyping in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma.