This study enrolled 49 patients diagnosed as having BCR/ABL1-negative MPN on the basis of the 2016 World Health Organization classification : nine polycythemia vera (PV), 17 essential thrombocythemia (ET), 12 prefibrotic primary myelofibrosis (prePMF), and 11 overt primary myelofibrosis (PMF).
Myelofibrosis (MF) and polycythemia vera (PV) are BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms associated with somatic hematopoietic stem cell mutations leading to over activation of JAK-STAT signaling.
In 1960, Nowell and Hungerford discovered an invariable association between the Philadelphia chromosome (subsequently shown to harbor the causal BCR-ABL1 mutation) and CML; accordingly, the term MPN is primarily reserved for PV, ET, and PMF, although it includes other related clinicopathologic entities, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system.
The diagnosis of the BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), namely polycythemia vera, essential thombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis has relied significantly on the detection of known causative mutations in the JAK2 or MPL genes, which account for the majority of MPN patients.
The classical BCR-ABL negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis are clonal hematopoietic disorders characterized by excessive production of terminally differentiated myeloid cells.
In the present study, we used mice with a conditional null mutation in the Stat5a/b gene locus to determine the requirement for STAT5 in MPNs induced by BCR-ABL1 and JAK2(V617F) in retroviral transplantation models of CML and PV.
Chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) are clonal disorders of hematopoietic stem cells, which fall into distinct categories based on a number of characteristics including the presence of the BCR-ABL1 gene fusion (chronic myelogenous leukemia) or the JAK2(V617F) mutation (polycythemia vera, primary myelofibrosis, and essential thrombocythemia).
This case report suggests that in a PV pregnant woman with a concomitant presence of JAK2 V617F mutation and BCR-ABL translocation, the administration of interferon during the pregnancy could lead to a safe pregnancy and delivery.
We show that chromosome 1 abnormalities are most frequent in BCR-ABL-negative classic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN): polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF).
Reliable detection of the JAK2 V617F mutation is a major criterion in the diagnosis of BCR/ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms such as polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis.
The acquired Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation shows a high frequency in diverse BCR/ABL-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMPD), and it is typically associated with polycythemia vera (PV).
In a group of 36 Mexican mestizo patients with MPN, we studied five molecular markers: The BCR/ABL1 fusion gene, the JAK2 V617F mutation, the JAK2 exon 12 mutations, the MPL W515L mutation and the MPL W515K mutation; 17 patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), eight with polycythemia vera (PV), four with primary mielofibrosis (MF), five with undifferentiated MPN, one with primary erythrocytosis and one with familial thrombocytosis.
Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), using oligo arrays with either 44,000 or 105,000 oligonucleotides, was performed on granulocyte-derived DNA from 71 patients with BCR-ABL-negative classic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs): 32 primary myelofibrosis (PMF), 26 polycythemia vera (PV) and 13 essential thrombocythemia (ET).
The BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), entered the spotlight in 2005 when the unique somatic acquired JAK2 V617F mutation was described in >95% of PV and in 50% of ET and PMF patients.
We searched for abnormalities of the proapoptotic Bcl-x(L) deamidation pathway in primary cells from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or polycythemia vera, myeloproliferative disorders associated with the BCR-ABL fusion kinase and the Janus tyrosine kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation, respectively.
In 2005, JAK2V617F was described in polycythemia vera and other BCR-ABL myeloproliferative disorders; the particular discovery has already had a major impact on current diagnostic approaches in polycythemia vera.
The diagnosis and management of the BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) of polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) are at an explosive crossroads of scientific investigation and evolving paradigms since the discovery of the tyrosine kinase-activating JAK2V617F mutation in 2005.