Inflammatory and oncogenic signaling converge in disease evolution of BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms, clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by gain-of-function mutation in JAK2 kinase (JAK2V617F), with highest prevalence in patients with polycythemia vera (PV).
One hundred five Philadelphia-negative MPN patients, including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythaemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) were initially screened for JAK2 mutations by amplification-refractory mutation system (ARMS-PCR) methodology and were further subjected to detection of CALR gene mutations by our in-house assay, a PCR based amplicon length differentiation assay (PCR-ALDA).
In the absence of BCR-ABL, the conventional diagnostic algorithm recommends JAK2V617F mutation testing to support diagnosis of other MPN diseases such as polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis.
The Janus kinase 2 (<i>JAK2</i>) V617F mutation is common in patients with breakpoint cluster region-Abelson1 (<i>BCR-ABL1</i>)-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms, including polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis, but is rarely detected in <i>BCR-ABL1-</i>positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients.
The advances in molecular insights, especially the discovery of the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation and its role in JAK-STAT pathway dysregulation, led to the development of the JAK inhibitor ruxolitinib, which currently represents the cornerstone of medical therapy in MF and hydroxyurea-resistant/intolerant PV.
Aberrant JAK2 tyrosine kinase signaling drives the development of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), including polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis.
In this article, we report a unique patient with polycythemia vera driven by a rare complex in-frame deletion-insertion mutation in JAK2 exon 12, and CML driven by uncommon p210 e14a3 (b3a3) BCR/ABL fusion transcript.
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), are often characterized by specific somatic mutations in any of the three genes: JAK2, CALR, or MPL.
The whole body <sup>18</sup>F-FDG scan of a JAK2+ PV patient before treatment (a) as compared to a matched subject (b) is found below; of note is the PV patient's elevated uptake in the pelvis, femur and spine.