In conclusion, our results highlight the TRIM27 expression significantly increased by IL-6 and suggest a TRIM27/STAT3-dependent mechanism for regulation of inflammation and proliferation-associated development of psoriasis.
Our study suggests that Stat3 activation in keratinocytes may impact on LC activation in situ via IL-1α stimulation, at least in part, and that their presence may be essential for the pathogenesis of psoriasis through producing IL-23.
Further, AS2762900-00 showed an inhibitory effect on signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation as a downstream signal of IL-23 receptor activation in whole blood from patients with psoriasis.
Several common TFs that bind the promoters of the DEGs, including the well-known signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), STAT3, and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) as well as ETS homologous factor (EHF), Fos-like antigen 1 (FOSL1), and Forkhead box C1 (FOXC1), which are rarely studied in psoriasis, were also identified.
It was observed that 'psoriasis 1' downregulated the concentrations of TNF‑α, IFN‑γ, IL‑22, IL‑17C, IL‑1β and IL‑4, and upregulated the concentration of 25HVD3; furthermore, 'psoriasis 1' downregulated the expression levels of NF‑κB, phosphorylated (p)‑NF‑κB, IKK, p‑IKK, STAT3, p‑STAT3, STAT4 and p‑STAT4, and upregulated the expression level of VDR in TNF‑α‑induced HaCaT cells.
Taken together, our findings indicated that the curative effects of CTS on psoriasis are accomplished mainly through modulating STAT3, which providing evidences to develop CTS as a potential therapeutic agent for patients with psoriasis.
STAT3 was overexpressed in the intestinal mucosa of active and non-active IBD, and a similar upregulation was seen in skin biopsies from EN [84.7 vs 22.3, p < 0.001] and PG [60.5 vs 22.3, p = 0.011], but not in psoriasis.
Using a preclinical model of psoriasis, we show that intradermal injection of APTstat3 tagged with a 9-arginine cell-penetrating peptide (APTstat3-9R) reduced disease progression and modulated psoriasis-related cytokine signaling through inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation.
Our findings indicate that miR-320b negatively regulates NHEK proliferation by targeting AKT3 to regulate the STAT3 and SAPK/JNK signaling pathways and might participate in the pathogenesis of psoriasis in Chinese Han populations. miR-320b may also be a novel diagnostic marker or therapeutic target for this disease.
Together, our results reveal a novel regulatory mechanism of IL-22 expression by STAT1 through directly antagonizing STAT3, and the importance of the balance between STAT3 and STAT1 in IL-22 regulation and psoriasis pathogenesis.
Herein, we reported that K17 could be modified through ubiquitination that controlled its stability and led to the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of its interactor signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), which is a key regulator of cell proliferation in psoriasis.
Several mouse models of psoriasis including drug-induced models (topical application of imiquimod to the skin) and genetically engineered mice (constitutive activation of epidermal STAT3, epidermal deletion of JunB/c-Jun, and epidermal overexpression of Tie2) have been used to study the pathophysiology of the disease; however such models cannot fully recapitulate all molecular and cellular pathways occurring in human psoriasis.
We also found that IL-22 increases CD147 transcription in vitro and in vivo and that Stat3 binds directly to the CD147 promoter between positions -854 and -440, suggesting that CD147 expression is up-regulated in patients with psoriasis through Stat3 activation.
It has been demonstrated that epidermal Stat3 activation is required for psoriasis development, since keratinocyte-specific Stat3 activation in a mouse model elicits a psoriasis-like phenotype, which is reversed by inhibition of Stat3 signaling.