Importantly, the inhibitory and stimulatory effects of rapamycin on the mRNA levels of COL1A2 and MMP1 genes, respectively, were significantly greater in SSc dermal fibroblasts than in normal dermal fibroblasts.
Analysis of the expression of COL1A2 promoter deletion constructs indicates that the TGF beta responsive element functional in normal fibroblasts and the sequence involved in intrinsic upregulation of COL1A2 gene expression in scleroderma fibroblasts are both located between bp-376 (Bgl II) and bp-108 (Sma I) sites.
Here, we demonstrate for the first time that CS and CSf exert an inhibitory effect on type I collagen protein synthesis and decrease the corresponding mRNA steady-state levels of COL1A1 and COL1A2 in NF and SF.
CI secretion and steady-state pro alpha1(I) collagen messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and COL1A2 gene activation were examined in fibroblasts grown from lung biopsy specimens obtained from 16 scleroderma patients with lung fibrosis and from 10 histologically normal lung specimens (controls).
We have investigated the role of hc-Krox transcription factor on type I collagen expression by human dermal fibroblasts. hc-Krox exerted a stimulating effect on type I collagen protein synthesis and enhanced the corresponding mRNA steady-state levels of COL1A1 and COL1A2 in foreskin fibroblasts (FF), adult normal fibroblasts (ANF), and scleroderma fibroblasts (SF).
Our results suggest that γ/δ T cells showed activated phenotype in SSc and suggest that SSc γ/δ T cells may play an important role on fibrotic process by upregulation of COL1A2 mRNA expression in fibroblasts.
These include the role of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and their receptors in the fibrotic process in scleroderma and the overview of the transcription factors involved in regulation of the human alpha2 (I) collagen (COL1A2) gene.
Full thickness biopsies of affected skin and fascia from one patient with diffuse fasciitis and eosinophilia (DF), two patients with generalized morphea (GM), and five patients with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) of recent onset were examined for the expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and type I procollagen genes by in situ hybridization with human sequence-specific cDNA.
These results indicate that HSP47 expression is closely associated with that of type I procollagen in skin fibroblasts, and that increased expression of HSP47 may be involved in the abundant production of type I procollagen by SSc fibroblasts.
Normal fibroblasts incubated with serum from an SSc-affected patient or with serum from her unaffected MZ twin sister developed the increased expression of COL1A2, SPARC, and CTGF typically seen in SSc fibroblasts.
A novel small-molecule inhibitor of MRTF/SRF-regulated transcription (CCG-203971) inhibits expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and collagen 1 (COL1A2) in both SSc fibroblasts and in lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-and transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)-stimulated fibroblasts.