We assessed the number of patients that developed typical (Mycobacterium tuberculosis [MTB]) and atypical mycobacterial infections (AMI) while on treatment with ruxolitinib by utilizing the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adverse events reporting system (FAERS).
The binding affinity of all the designed compounds for HIV-RT and Mycobacterium tuberculosis Enol Reductase (MTB InhA) was gauged by molecular docking studies which revealed crucial thermodynamic interactions governing their binding.
In this study, two high-throughput TB PCR assays with combined antimicrobial resistance detection, Anyplex™ II MTB/MDR (Seegene) and RealTime MTB + RealTime MTB RIF/INH Resistance (Abbott Molecular), were evaluated for routine use in a clinical setting of low population and low TB prevalence in Finland.
We evaluated several novel methods including Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampicin (Xpert MTB/RIF) technology, quantitative fluorescence Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) and High-Resolution Melting Curve (HRMC) in the diagnosis of superficial lymph node TB.
Despite efforts to promote bi-directional screening of TB and DM, the uptake of TB testing among pre-diabetes and diabetes cases was only 4.7%, while the uptake of DM testing among MTB positive cases was 21.8%.
The data indicated that routine testing of respiratory specimens from patients with presumptive tuberculosis by the RealTi<i>me</i> MTB PCR assay improves the tuberculosis diagnostic yield and may reduce the time to antituberculosis treatment initiation.
In efforts to discover Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) biomarkers we identified by mass spectroscopy a unique 21-mer Mtb peptide sequence (VVLGLTVPGGVELLPGVALPR) present in the urines of TB patients from Zimbabwe.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) protein tyrosine phosphatases A and B (PtpA and PtpB) have been recognized as potential molecular targets for the development of new therapeutic strategies against tuberculosis (TB).
World Health Organization (WHO) recommended Lateral Flow urine LipoArabinoMannan assay (LF-LAM) in immunocompromised patients; in 2010 WHO endorsed the use of Xpert Mycobacterium Tuberculosis/Rifampicin (MTB/RIF) test for rapid TB diagnosis but the assay is not used as screening test in all HIV+ patients irrespectively of symptoms due to cost and logistical barriers.
The latter platform is now also equipped with the RealTi<i>m</i>e (RT) MTB and RealTi<i>m</i>e MTB RIF/INH assays for TB and first-line drug resistance screening but has not been evaluated in settings of HIV and TB coinfection.
XpertMycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampicin (Xpert MTB/RIF) assay has been endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), while the sensitivity and specificity have not been fully evaluated.