To determine the effect of the ACE gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism, angiotensinogen gene M235T polymorphism and the angiotensin 1 receptor gene A1166C polymorphism on the age of onset of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in PKD1 adult autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), 189 individuals from 46 families with PKD1 were genotyped for each polymorphism.
The aim of the present study was to determine whether urinary L-FABP excretion is altered in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and whether candesartan cilexetil, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, affects these levels.
Quercetin treatment decreased the levels of intracellular signalling proteins in PKD mouse kidneys, including phosphorylated protein kinase B (also known as AKT) and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), which are upregulated and promote cyst development in ADPKD.
At baseline, albumin, immunoglobulin G, kidney injury molecule 1, β2 microglobulin (β2MG), heart-type fatty acid-binding protein, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 -(MCP-1) were measured in 24-h urine samples of patients participating in a study investigating the therapeutic efficacy of lanreotide in ADPKD.
Further, we also found that ADPKD-iPSC-KLCs had a significantly higher rate of apoptosis and a significantly lower capacity for water transportation and albumin absorption compared to healthy sibling-derived differentiated KLCs.
In contrast, ADPKD cyst cells lack flow-sensitive [Ca(2+)](i) signaling and exhibit reduced endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores and store-depletion-operated Ca(2+) entry but retain near-normal [Ca(2+)](i) responses to ANG II and to vasopressin.
We found that anoctamin 1, which plays a role in epithelial fluid secretion and proliferation, is strongly expressed in principal-like MDCK cells (PLCs) forming cysts within a collagen matrix, in an embryonic kidney cyst model, and in human autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease tissue.