For that, mouse BM cells were transduced with lentiviral vectors coding for <i>VEGFA</i> or sphingosine kinase (<i>SPHK1)</i>, which catalyzes S1P production, and injected them intravenously 4 and 7 days after cardiac ischemia-reperfusion in mice.
It is not clear whether treatment by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene transfer can improve myocardial ischemia through a proangiogenesis mechanism and is effective against coronary artery disease (CAD).
Our study does not provide strong evidence for a positive effect of VEGF on IHD but does not rule out the possibility that some specific types of VEGF, for which genetic predictors have not yet been identified, might play a role.
These findings show that dysregulated angiogenic precursors link coronary anomalies to ischemic heart disease.Though coronary arteries are crucial for heart function, the mechanisms guiding their formation are largely unknown.Here, Wang et al. identify a unique, endocardially-derived angiogenic precursor cell population for coronary artery formation in mice and show that a DLL4/NOTCH1/VEGFA/VEGFR2 signaling axis is key for coronary artery development.
Thymosin beta-4 (TB4) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are linked to adult epicardial progenitor cell mobilization and neovascularization and is cardioprotective after myocardial ischemia.
Multivariate analyses indicated that the strongest associations with IHD and MI were due to the combined effect of the VEGFA-2578 A allele and smoking (OR 3.52 and 7.11, respectively), independent of risk factors such as age, sex, diabetes, C-reactive protein, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important active protein for the induction of angiogenesis and improvement in cardiac function after myocardial ischemia; however, the lack of a delivery system targeted to the injured myocardium reduces the local therapeutic efficacy of VEGF and increases its possible adverse effects.
This review discusses proof of the concept pre-clinical studies and phase-I/II human trials using VEGF, and cellular angiogenesis at length in the light of the literature and analyzes the problems and considerations of these approaches as a treatment strategy in the clinical perspective for the treatment of ischemic heart disease.
Because hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is a transcriptional activator of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and is critical for initiating angiogenic responses to hypoxia, we investigated the expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF in specimens of human heart tissue to elucidate the molecular responses to myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients during unstable angina.