However, cancer cells frequently show upregulation of pro-survival Bcl-2 proteins and sequester activated pro-apoptotic BH3-only proteins driven by diverse cytotoxic stresses, resulting in tumor progression and chemoresistance.
Notably, in a mouse model of DHL bearing primary tumor cells derived from lymphoma patients, combined treatment with XPO1 and BCL2 inhibitors blocks tumor progression, prevents brain metastasis, and extends host survival.
The combination of DOX and KIR may promote therapeutic efficacy, at which the anti-apoptotic effect of the tumour cells was inhibited (by downregulating Bcl-2 and upregulating Bax) and the tumour progression-related inflammatory factors, such as tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were downregulated.
These findings revealed a novel mechanism of PPAR<i>α</i>/Bcl2/autophagy pathway suppressed tumor progression and enhanced chemotherapy sensitivity, which is a potential drug target for cancer treatment.
We showed that CXCL8 secreted by tumor cells at the invasion front were able to promote migration through angiogenesis by upregulating VEGFA and invasion via the AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin/MMP7 pathway by upregulating BCL-2 confirming the key role of CXCL8 during tumor progression.
Over-expression of MCL-1 has been closely related to tumor progression as well as to resistance, not only to traditional chemotherapies but also to targeted therapeutics including BCL-2 inhibitors such as ABT-263.
Our studies not only define the essential role of Mcl-1 in chemoresistance, but also for the first time link a key pro-survival Bcl-2 family member with the NOX protein family, both of which have significant ramifications in cancer progression.
Mechanistic investigations reveal that a miR-197-mediated CKS1B/STAT3 axis exerts tumor progression regulated by various oncogenic genes (Bcl-2, c-Myc, and cyclin D1), and PD-L1 is a putative biomarker of this axis.
Moreover, the enhanced expression and/or activities of some drug resistance-associated molecules such as Bcl-2, Akt/molecular target of rapamycin (mTOR), nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1) and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) multidrug transporters frequently occur in cancer cells during cancer progression and metastases.
Deregulation of apoptosis is one of the important features of AML and to understand the molecular mechanism underlying apoptosis and its contribution to tumor progression, this study aimed to evaluate anti-apoptotic Bcl2 protein expression in AML and correlate with FLT3 parameters for their role in prognosis of disease.Bcl2 and FLT3 protein expression was quantified by flow cytometry on leukemic blasts in total 174 de novo AML, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and aplastic anemia patients.