Studies in eight Burkitt's lymphoma and lymphoblastoid cell lines (four wild-type p53 and four mutant p53 cell lines) revealed that the DNA-damaging agents assayed tended to exhibit less growth inhibition in the mutant p53 cell lines compared to the wild-type p53 cell lines.
SIGNIFICANCE: Targeting MDM4 to alleviate degradation of p53 can be exploited therapeutically across Burkitt lymphoma and other cancers with wild-type p53 harboring 1q gain, the most frequent copy number alteration in cancer.
We investigated temporal relationships between ionizing radiation-induced G1 arrest and induction of the p53-regulated genes GADD45, CIP1/WAF1, and MDM2 in a series of Burkitt's lymphoma and lymphoblastoid cell lines that differed in p53 gene status.
We verified that the oncogenic effect of iASPP on Burkitt lymphoma is TAp63 dependent rather than p53 and confirmed that the interaction between CDK1 and iASPP enhanced the inhibitory effect of iASPP on p53 and TAp63.
Immunohistochemical overexpression of p53 protein was found in 21% of NHL patients, with the highest incidence of p53 immunoreactivity in cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, follicle center lymphoma grade III, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Here we show that chloroquine, a drug that activates the stress-responsive Atm-p53 tumor-suppressor pathway, preferentially enhances the death of Myc oncogene-overexpressing primary mouse B cells and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and impairs Myc-induced lymphomagenesis in a transgenic mouse model of human Burkitt lymphoma.
In this study, immunoglobulin variable (Ig V) region genes, c-myc re-arrangement and sequence and p53 status were analyzed in clones derived from a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line (LAM) in which it was previously demonstrated that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection occurred late during lymphomagenesis.
The role of inactivation of tumor-suppressor loci is best exemplified by the frequent inactivation of p53 in Burkitt's lymphoma and by the recurrent deletion of 6q25-q27 and 6q21-q23 in intermediate- and high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, respectively.
We have shown here that in 70% of Burkitt lymphoma cell lines, but not in normal EBV transformed B cell lines, p53 protein is readily detectable by Western blot analysis using either an antibody directed against the 240 epitope or an antibody against wild-type p53.
These results suggest that (i) significant differences in the frequency of p53 mutations are present among subtypes of neoplasms derived from the same tissue; (ii) p53 may play a role in tumor progression in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia; (iii) the presence of both p53 loss/inactivation and c-myc oncogene activation may be important in the pathogenesis of Burkitt lymphoma and its leukemic form L3-type B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Cells from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines express elevated levels of p53, while all examined human acute myeloid leukemia cell lines synthesize negligible p53 protein.