Unlike DH-BCL2/MYC lymphomas, however, they are more likely to be CD10(-) but IRF4/MUM-1(+) (P=0.03) and, more like BL, only infrequently express BCL2 (P<0.001), and are cytogenetically less complex (P<0.04).
We suggest that, concordant with the WHO classification to be published in 2008, the diagnosis of BL should be restricted to cases with expression of CD10 and BCL6, absence or very weak expression of BCL2 protein, a homogeneously very high proliferation index and a proven IG-MYC translocation without evidence of a chromosomal translocation typical for other lymphoma entities.
BALM-13 was characterized as belonging to the Burkitt lymphoma group III cell type (CD10-, CD20+, CD23+, D39+, CD77-), and BALM-14 to the Burkitt lymphoma group I cell type (CD10+, CD20+, CD23-, CD39-, CD77+).
A collection of in vitro EBV-converted sublines of originally EBV-negative BLs that expressed a full set of the growth transformation-associated EBV proteins maintained their CD10 and cyclin D3 expression.
Unlike that observed in certain Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cell lines that share the same surface phenotype (CD10+CD38+CD23-CD39-), the c-myc-transfected cells expressed lymphocyte function-associated (LFA) 1, LFA-3, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and grew in large clumps rather than single-cell layers.
TP-specific transcripts were not detectable or only hardly detectable in Burkitt's lymphoma cells with the group I phenotype (CD10+ CD77+ CD21- CD23- CD30- CDw70-) as well as in P3HR1 virus-converted Burkitt's lymphoma lines.
The germinal centre specific MoAbs CD10 and CD77 (Burkitt's lymphoma antigen) displayed a heterogeneous pattern of reactivity and allowed to identify 4 subgroups: CD10+/CD77+ (44 per cent), CD10+/CD77- (15 per cent), CD10-/CD77+ (36 per cent) and CD10-/CD77- (5 per cent).
Clones retaining the original BL biopsy cell phenotype (CD10/CD77-positive, activation antigen/adhesion molecule-negative) expressed the virus-encoded nuclear antigen EBNA 1 but not any of the other known latent proteins, EBNAs 2, 3a, 3b, 3c, -LP and latent membrane protein (LMP).
Other activation antigens were unaffected by EBNA-2 expression, as were markers already expressed on the parent BL cell line, including BL markers (cALLA and BLA), proliferation markers (transferrin receptor and BK19.9), and cell adhesion-related molecules (LFA-1 and LFA-3).
In contrast with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen (CD10) was expressed on nearly all BL cell lines of intermediate maturation stages but only on half of the pre-B ones.