SIGNIFICANCE: Targeting MDM4 to alleviate degradation of p53 can be exploited therapeutically across Burkitt lymphoma and other cancers with wild-type p53 harboring 1q gain, the most frequent copy number alteration in cancer.
We verified that the oncogenic effect of iASPP on Burkitt lymphoma is TAp63 dependent rather than p53 and confirmed that the interaction between CDK1 and iASPP enhanced the inhibitory effect of iASPP on p53 and TAp63.
In order to better understand the mechanisms by which chemoresistance is mediated, non-hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients overexpressing p53 mutant protein and resistant to CHOP chemotherapy, NHL patients without p53 overexpression and a Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cell line with p53 overexpression have been evaluated using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH).
Our results showed that BL cell lines have variable response to DNA-damaging agents that cannot be correlated exclusively with p53 mutation or survivin expression suggesting that p53-independent transactivation may play a role in apoptosis induced by DNA-damaging agents.
Here we show that chloroquine, a drug that activates the stress-responsive Atm-p53 tumor-suppressor pathway, preferentially enhances the death of Myc oncogene-overexpressing primary mouse B cells and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and impairs Myc-induced lymphomagenesis in a transgenic mouse model of human Burkitt lymphoma.
Immunohistochemical overexpression of p53 protein was found in 21% of NHL patients, with the highest incidence of p53 immunoreactivity in cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, follicle center lymphoma grade III, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
The molecular biological characteristics of Burkitt lymphoma (BL), in addition to the presence of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in some forms, relies on well-characterized alterations, such as MYC translocations and TP53 inactivations.
A previous study showed that this is the case in some Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cell lines, where enhanced translation of mdm2 messenger RNA results in overexpression of the protein that complexes and inactivates wild-type p53.
In this study, immunoglobulin variable (Ig V) region genes, c-myc re-arrangement and sequence and p53 status were analyzed in clones derived from a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line (LAM) in which it was previously demonstrated that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection occurred late during lymphomagenesis.
Studies in eight Burkitt's lymphoma and lymphoblastoid cell lines (four wild-type p53 and four mutant p53 cell lines) revealed that the DNA-damaging agents assayed tended to exhibit less growth inhibition in the mutant p53 cell lines compared to the wild-type p53 cell lines.