In contrast to TDP43 pathologies associated with typical amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or frontotemporal dementia (FTD)-TDP, in this case, there were more frequent TDP43-positive oligodendroglial, coiled body-like cytoplasmic inclusions than neuronal inclusions.
While cytoplasmic aggregation of TDP-43 is a pathological hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia, how aggregates form and what drives its nuclear clearance have not been determined.
Mutations in RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) localized in ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granules, such as hnRNP A1 and TDP-43, promote aberrant protein aggregation, which is a pathological hallmark of various neurodegenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD).
There were no significant differences between clinical syndromes (PPA subtypes), the main clinical forms of dementia (frontotemporal dementia and AD), or the expected pathological groups (frontotemporal lobar degeneration-tau [FTLD-tau], FTLD-TDP43, and AD).
TDP-43 proteinopathy is a pathological hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia where cytoplasmic TDP-43 inclusions are observed within degenerating regions of patient postmortem tissue.
A common pathological hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the related neurodegenerative disorder frontotemporal dementia, is the cellular mislocalization of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43).
Insoluble aggregates containing TDP-43 are widely observed in the diseased brain, and defined as "TDP-43 pathology" in a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease and ALS with frontotemporal dementia.
Accumulation of TDP-43 in the cytoplasm of diseased neurons is the pathological hallmark of frontotemporal dementia-TDP (FTLD-TDP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), two diseases that lack efficacious medicine to prevent or to stop disease progression.
Collectively, these observations suggest that TDP-43 deposition leads to targeted RNA instability in ALS and FTD, and may ultimately cause cell death by disrupting energy production and protein synthesis pathways.
<b>Background:</b> The neuropathology of patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) due to a <i>C9orf72</i> mutation is characterized by two distinct types of characteristic protein depositions containing either TDP-43 or so-called dipeptide repeat proteins that extend beyond frontal and temporal regions.