Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for DNA mismatch repair proteins MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 is used for microsatellite instability (MSI) screening in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and endometrial carcinoma (EC).
PTEN immunohistochemical loss, a common event in endometrioid-type endometrial carcinoma and associated with local immune suppression in melanoma, was not associated with PD-L1 expression or lymphocyte/macrophage infiltration of the tumor.
Besides, overexpression of PTEN markedly promoted the apoptosis of E2-induced RL95-2 cells through regulating the Bax and Bcl-2 expression, and modulated the expression of AKT pathway, p53 and Cyclin D. In conclusion, our findings revealed that miR-181c affected the estrogen-dependent endometrial carcinoma cell growth by targeting PTEN.
This study aimed to determine the in vitro and in vivo properties of sixteen frequently used endometrial cancer (EC) cell lines, including the cell proliferation rate, morphology, hormone receptor expression patterns, PTEN, hMLH1 expression, p53 mutation, karyotype, and tumorigenicity in mouse xenograt model.
Furthermore, HOTAIR activated the PI3K/Akt pathway to promote EC progression by suppressing PTEN <i>in vivo</i> Taking these results together, we revealed that high expression of HOTAIR promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis through activating the PI3K/Akt pathway via binding to PTEN, which might provide a prognostic marker and therapeutic target of EC.
We investigated the effects of ABTL0812 on proliferation, cell death and modulation of intracellular signaling pathways in a wide panel of endometrioid and non-endometrioid cell lines, an inducible PTEN knock-out murine model, and two patient-derived xenograft murine models of EC.
Studies in cell cultures have demonstrated that histone deacetylase inhibitors exert their antineoplastic activity by promoting expression of p21WAF1 and p27KIP1, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, that have important roles in cell cycle regulation; importantly, the transcription of specific genes (e.g., E-cadherin, PTEN) that are commonly silenced in endometrial cancer is also enhanced.
Lynch syndrome due to pathogenic variants in the DNA mismatch repair genes MLH1, MSH2, and MSH6 is predominantly associated with colorectal and endometrial cancer, although extracolonic cancers have been described within the Lynch tumor spectrum.
Further experiments demonstrated that the expression levels of PTEN and phosphorylated-AKT in HEC-1B and Ishikawa endometrial cancer cells was decreased and increased, respectively, following aberrant expression of miR-423. miR-423 displayed an important role in tumorigenesis and progression in endometrial cancer cells, and may therefore be used as a potential biomarker to predict chemotherapy response and prognosis in endometrial cancer.
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the Hedgehog (Gli, Patched-1, Shh, Smo) and Notch (Jag1, Notch2, Notch3) pathway members, in comparison to a panel of proteins (ER, PgR, HER2/neu, Ki67, p53, p16, PTEN and MMR) previously suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer, in association with clinical outcome and standard clinicopathological characteristics.