Maximal EGFR and HGFR mRNA levels were 4- and 1.2-fold increased and correlated with the presence of liver metastases (P = 0.034) and decreased long-term curability (P = 0.027) but not tumor location, size, or tumor functional characteristics.
Furthermore, it was demonstrated by an immunoprecipitation-western blotting analysis on 5 cases of CRC with liver metastasis that ZO-1 bound to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) irrespective of the phosphorylation status of EGFR, and that EGFR associated ZO-1 was highly tyrosine-phosphorylated only in the primary CRC, but was dephosphorylated in the liver-metastasized cancers.
In a combination of cetuximab and FOLFIRI, the rate of conversion to resectable liver metastases is about 30%, and oncogenic activation of intracellular signaling pathway downstream of epidermal growth factor receptor, like KRAS mutations, is an important mechanism of resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor therapy.
Patients with ALK gene rearrangements (OR = 5.50; 95% CI = 1.76, 17.18; P = .003) and patients with EGFR mutations (OR = 5.17; 95% CI = 1.63, 16.43; P = .006) were predisposed to liver metastasis compared to the triple negative cohort.
After her death, an autopsy revealed SCLC transformation and EGFRT790M secondary mutation (T790M) as mutually exclusive resistance mechanisms occurring differently in different metastases; two liver metastases (SCLC versus AC with T790M) and two lymph node metastases (SCLC versus AC with T790M) were analyzed to compare the expression status of immune markers by immunohistochemistry and by an immune oncology gene expression panel.
HCV infection, performance status (ECOG ≥2), newly diagnosed advanced NSCLC without prior operation, and liver metastasis predicted poor OS in EGFR mutation-positive advanced NSCLC patients treated with first-line gefitinib; however, neither BM at initial diagnosis nor intracranial progression during gefitinib treatment had an impact on OS.
In the <i>EGFR+</i> cohort, a higher incidence of liver metastasis was associated with the exon 21 mutation subtype than with the exon 19 deletion subtype [23% vs. 7%, <i>p</i> < 0.01; hazard ratio (hr): 3.47].
The evidence of pleural tags, pleural and liver metastases go along with a higher probability of EGFR mutation in adenocarcinoma patients and air bronchogram is positively associated with Exon-19 deletion mutation.
These alterations included recurrent <i>NRG1</i> rearrangements predicted to drive PDAC development through aberrant ERBB receptor-mediated signaling, and pharmacologic ERBB inhibition resulted in clinical improvement and remission of liver metastases in 2 patients with <i>NRG1</i>-rearranged tumors that had proved resistant to standard treatment.
Progression-free survival was also longer in the ABCP group than in the BCP group in the entire intention-to-treat population (including those with EGFR or ALK genetic alterations) and among patients with low or negative programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, those with low Teff gene-signature expression, and those with liver metastases.
Out of a cohort of 424 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, we identified 30 patients with initially unresectable Kirsten RAS (KRAS) exon 2 wild-type colorectal liver metastases who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with anti-EGFR agents between January 2008 and February 2014.
We investigated the local concentration of α-particles from <sup>211</sup>At-labeled trastuzumab antibodies against human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 antigens in liver metastasis tissue of mice.