We present the case of a 28-year-old man with an IDH1 and TP53 mutant high grade glioma with abnormalities in chromosomes 1 and 19 suggestive of anaplastic oligodendroglioma that rapidly progressed to widespread metastatic disease.
PET with <sup>18</sup>F-GE-180 and <sup>18</sup>F-FET provides differing imaging information in HGG dependent on the IDH-mutational status, with diverging spatial overlap and vast exceedance of contrast-enhancement in MRI.
We retrospectively analyzed 47 patients who underwent an advanced-MR study with DTI followed by surgical intervention with a subsequent histologic diagnosis of High-Grade Glioma (HGG) and immunohistochemical evaluation of IDH1 (Isocitrate DeHydrogenase) mutation status.
Most IDH-wildtype tumors showing histopathological and radiological features of low-grade diffuse astrocytoma exhibit molecular and clinical features of high-grade glioma and may represent an early stage of primary glioblastoma.
These data support the possibility of a functional tricarboxylic acid cycle that runs in reductive manner, as a probable mechanism of action of bevacizumab in IDH1 mutated gliomas and propose a new target pathway for effective treatment of malignant gliomas.
CMRO<sub>2</sub> showed the highest diagnostic performance for IDH gene mutation detection in low-grade glioma (AUC, 0.818) and MTI in high-grade glioma (AUC, 0.854) and for all WHO grades (AUC, 0.899) among all biomarkers.
Patient 2, with malignant glioma with primitive neuroectodermal tumor (MGPNET), had a secondary GBM with a noncanonical isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation and 11-year-survival; autopsy showed encasement of the entire bilateral ventricular system by SVS.
We investigated the expression of Sox11 in 132 diffuse astrocytomas in relation to the regulator cell marker nestin, c-Met and IDH1-R132H, which have shown to be differentially expressed among the molecular subgroups of malignant gliomas, as well as to an inducer of astrocytic differentiation, that is, signal transducer and activator of transcription (p-STAT-3), clinicopathological features and survival.