We determined that AREG increases the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway via its interaction with the epidermal growth factor receptor, thus resulting in the enhanced cell migration of osteosarcoma.
We have recently shown that inducible expression of WT1 in osteosarcoma cells triggers programmed cell death, an effect that is associated with transcriptional repression of the endogenous epidermal growth factor receptor.
Exogenously introduced wild-type and mutant p53 have recently been reported to enhance the human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) gene promoter activity in p53-deficient Saos2 osteosarcoma cells.
Finally, we transfected EGFR and EGFR DEL (mutation with miR-141 binding site) in osteosarcoma cells, and detected the effects of miR-141 on cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and related proteins.
We assessed the gene expression levels of three known targets in advanced gastric cancer, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2), and N-methyl-N-nitrosoguanidine human osteosarcoma transforming gene (MET), using the nCounter® assay (NanoString Technologies, Seattle, WA, USA) and compared these results with protein overexpression, detected by immunohistochemistry, to evaluate the performance of this new technology.
GAK appears to be essential for cell death because co-administration of gefitinib and luteolin to EGFR-deficient U2OS osteosarcoma cells also had a greater effect on cell viability than administration of either compound alone.
Preclinical studies using human OS xenografts revealed that only tumors expressing both EGFR and c-Fos responded to anti-EGFR therapy demonstrating that c-Fos can be considered as a novel biomarker predicting response to anti-EGFR treatment in OS patients.
We conclude that the cell surface expression of Her-2 and EGFR and the nuclear localization of the activated p80 fragment of Her-4 suggest that all three may be contributing to osteosarcoma pathogenesis.
The new virus displayed a highly selective targeting profile, with reduced infection of EGFR-negative cells and efficient killing of EGFR-positive cancer cells including primary EGFR-positive osteosarcoma cells that are refractory to infection by conventional adenoviruses.
Our results indicate that TGF-α/EGFR interaction elicits PI3K and Akt activation, which in turn activates NF-κB, resulting in the expression of ICAM-1 and contributing the migration of human osteosarcoma cells.
Given the relevance of epidermal growth factor receptor pathway to breast cancer and the finding that HER-2 was expressed in a proportion of osteosarcoma, it was reasonable to investigate this pathway further.
This study describes further investigations into the role of ERs in mediating the effects induced by E(2) and SERMs on EGFR expression, and the relationship between the actions of ERs and EGFR in U2OS osteosarcoma cells stably expressing ERalpha or ERbeta.