These findings suggest that galangin suppresses osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting their proliferation and invasion and accelerating their apoptosis, and the mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of PI3K and its downstream signaling pathway.
In conclusion, icariin possesses a reversal effect on multidrug resistance in MG-63/DOX cells through down-regulation of the MDR1 and the PI3K/Akt pathway, and has the potential to be an adjunct to chemotherapy for osteosarcoma.
We determined that AREG increases the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway via its interaction with the epidermal growth factor receptor, thus resulting in the enhanced cell migration of osteosarcoma.
However, whether the malignant phenotype of osteosarcoma (OS) cells is regulated by the PI3K/Akt/FASN signaling pathway and how the PI3K family specific inhibitor, 2‑(4‑morpholinyl)‑8‑phenyl‑chromone (LY294002) affects the malignant phenotype of OS cells remains to be elucidated.
Analysis of the signalling relationships of these genes, as well as other expression markers of osteosarcoma, indicated that gene networks linked to RB1, TP53, PI3K, PTEN/Akt, myc and RECQL4 are associated with osteosarcoma.
Our results indicate that TGF-α/EGFR interaction elicits PI3K and Akt activation, which in turn activates NF-κB, resulting in the expression of ICAM-1 and contributing the migration of human osteosarcoma cells.
Inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 signaling may be effective in osteosarcoma, but further studies are required to determine whether this pathway is active in a substantial subgroup of this heterogeneous tumor.
In this largest mutational profiling of osteosarcoma to date, the authors identified for the first time several mutations involving the PI3K pathway, adding osteosarcoma to the growing list of malignancies with PI3K mutations.