Alternative splicing of the multidrug resistance protein 1/ATP binding cassette transporter subfamily gene in ovarian cancer creates functional splice variants and is associated with increased expression of the splicing factors PTB and SRp20.
Indeed, treatment of OC cell lines with TNFα and IL6 induced a selective increase in the expression of TAP1 and multidrug resistance protein 1, whereas TAP1 silencing sensitized cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis.
The expression of the MDR1 gene has been shown to correlate with tumor aggressiveness and oncogenic activation both in experimental tumor models and in human clinical specimens In order to verify whether this association also takes place in ovarian carcinoma, we studied tumor samples from 39 patients by means of immunohistochemistry for the overexpression of P-glycoprotein (MDR1), nm23, c-erb-B2 and p53.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the ability of HA-PEI/HA-PEG to deliver MDR1 siRNA and the efficacy of the combination of HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA with paclitaxel to suppress growth of ovarian cancer.
The mdr-1 polymorphism G2677T/A in exon 21 correlates with the paclitaxel response in ovarian cancer and may be important for the function of P-glycoprotein and resistance to paclitaxel and provide useful information for individualized therapy.
TUBB3, ERCC1 and P-gp are involved in the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer and can be used as important indexes judging the severity of ovarian cancer, providing a reference for the occurrence and development of the disease in ovarian cancer patients in clinical practice.
The drug concentrations applied referred to clinical relevant doses. mdr1 mRNA expression was significantly higher in specimens from recurrent ovarian cancer incubated in paclitaxel than in specimens from chemotherapy-naive ovarian cancer.
Hypermethylation of the analyzed ABCB1 promoter region was significantly correlated with low levels of the ABCB1 transcript in tumors from a subset of patients with breast and ovarian carcinoma prior to chemotherapy but not following treatment.