The aim of the multicenter study is to investigate the correlation between the expression of estrogen alpha receptors (ERα), progesterone receptors (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) and its receptor C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1), astrocyte elevated gene 1 (AEG1), depending on the status of BRCA1 protein, in patients suffering from OC and BC with brain metastases.
In conclusion, HER2 protein is over-expressed in epithelial ovarian cancer tissues, and trastuzumab exerts anti-tumor effect by inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis, suggesting it might be a novel approach for the treatment of ovarian cancer.
In order to assess the validity of ErbB2-targeted therapy in ovarian cancer, we investigated the effectiveness of two FDA-approved tyrosine kinase inhibitors of ErbB2, lapatinib and neratinib, on the growth of ovarian cancers.
We used six whole-exome-sequenced primary HGSOC/USC cell-lines and three xenografts overexpressing HER2/neu and harboring mutated or wild-type PIK3CA/PIK3R1 genes to evaluate the role of PI3K-mutations as potential mechanism of resistance to afatinib, an FDA-approved pan-c-erb-inhibitor in clinical trials in USC.
Our study showed that the expressions of HER2, STAT3, and SOCS3 are associated with the progression of OC, and higher expressions of HER2 and STAT3 and lower expression of SOCS3 predict poor prognosis of OC.
Together, these data indicate that HER2 represents an important oncogene in ovarian cancer, and suggest that targeting this tyrosine kinase with T-DM1 may be therapeutically effective, especially in ovarian tumors with high content of HER2.