Lipid and lipoprotein parameters, including levels of total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol; triglycerides; lipoprotein(a); apolipoprotein A-IV; and the apolipoprotein E and A-IV polymorphisms, were assessed in 177 patients who had mostly mild to moderate renal insufficiency and were followed prospectively for up to 7 yr.
There was no significant relationship detected between the D allele of ACE, the C allele of AT1R or the T allele of AGT genes and response to steroid therapy, extent of renal dysfunction and the progression to ESRD.
There were no significant differences between the distribution ofACE gene genotypes and lupus nephritis and its related parameters, including WHO classification, activity index, chronicity index, renal dysfunction and amount of 24 h urinary protein.
In this phenotypically more homogeneous subgroup, serum creatinine level was 3.6 micromol/L (P = 0.02) and relative risks for mild renal dysfunction and proteinuria were 1.7-fold (P < 0.001) and 26% (P = 0.02) greater in ACE D subjects than ACE II homozygotes, respectively.
The results in this study in non-diabetic patients with chronic renal disease indicate that the presence of the D allele in the ACE genotype may be of particular importance as a predictor of a high rate of progression in male patients who otherwise do not have a major burden of documented and important prognostic factors for progressiverenal insufficiency.
We examined the hypothesis that vascular and renal dysfunction caused by angiotensin II (Ang II) through increased levels of blood pressure, inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress in Sprague-Dawley rats can be prevented by lentiviral-mediated delivery of endothelial heme oxygenase (HO)-1.
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) polymorphisms such as the angiotensinogen-gene-M235T-, the angiotensin-conversion enzyme (ACE)-gene I/D- and the angiotensin-II-type 1-receptor-(AT1R)-A1166C-polymorphism have been implicated in renal insufficiency and hypertension.
A prospective population-based study of CKD risk was conducted among 3706 black individuals without severe renal dysfunction at baseline (serum creatinine > or =177 micromol/L [2.0 mg/dl] for men, > or =159 micromol/L [1.8 mg/dl] for women) to examine associations with AGT and AT1R.
Recently it was reported that polymorphism at -20 from adenine to cytosine in the angiotensinogen gene, increasing the level of this transcript, was associated with the progression of renal dysfunction in adult IgA nephropathy.