Our findings suggest that when estimating the influence of IL-1β on the prognosis of glioblastoma patients, factors such as the degree of hypoxia, the expression levels of HIF-1 and AM should be taken into consideration.
In summary, our results suggest that SphK1 expression is transcriptionally regulated by IL-1 in glioblastoma cells, and this pathway may be important in regulating survival and invasiveness of glioblastoma cells.
Since malignant gliomas frequently show EGF receptor amplification and express IL-1, a pivotal regulatory cytokine involved in angiogenesis, we analyzed interactions between EGF/EGF receptor and IL-1/IL-1 receptor and VEGF in the established glioblastoma cell lines U-87 MG and A-172.
Northern blot analysis showed that treatment with interferon-gamma and with interleukin-1beta for 24 h decreased the expression levels of heme oxygenase-1 mRNA to approximately 20 and approximately 50% of the control levels, respectively, in a human glioblastoma cell line, T98G.
Using RT-PCR, Northern blotting, and ELISA we demonstrated that the human U373 and U87 glioblastoma cell lines expressed IL-11 and its encoding mRNA when stimulated with IL-1 beta, phorbol ester, and calcium ionophore.
A glucocorticoid, dexamethasone, inhibited the production of a leukocyte chemotactic cytokine, interleukin 8 (IL-8), as well as mRNA expression by a glioblastoma cell line, T98G, stimulated with interleukin 1 (IL-1).