More importantly, the constructed therapeutic <sup>CD133</sup>mAb/TMAMbs have a specifically effective uptake via the CD133 transmembrane protein that is overexpressed in U251 glioblastoma cells and displayed an effective antitumor proliferation and invasive ability.
In order to better understand the mechanisms regulating the tumorigenic properties of this population, we studied the role of the polycomb group member BMI1 in our patient-derived GBM BTICs and its relationship with CD133, a well-established marker of BTICs.
We found that the shortened version of the aptamer 40L, which we have called A40s, costained with CD133-labeled cells in human GBM tissue, suggestive of an ability to specifically recognize GSCs in fixed human tissues.
Using three glioblastoma cell-lines (U87, U251, and SNB19), the adaptation of glioblastoma cells in a 1% (hypoxia) and 20% (normoxia) oxygen microenvironment on proliferation, metabolism, migration, neurosphere formation, CD133 and VEGF expression was investigated.
MTAP deficiency promotes glioma stem-like cell (GSC) formation with increased expression of <i>PROM1</i>/CD133 and enhanced tumorigenicity of GBM cells and is associated with poor prognosis in patients with GBM.
This chapter describes a straightforward method for isolating glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) from in vitro tissue cultures via fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) using CD133 as a surface marker.
These data indicate that conjugation of both An2 peptide and CD133 mAb to TMZ-encapsulating liposome is very effective in delivering the TMZ to GSCs via BBB, suggesting a potential use of Dual-LP-TMZ as a therapeutic modality for GBM.
We reported that WIP knockdown in mtp53-expressing glioblastoma greatly reduced proliferation and growth capacity of cancer stem cell (CSC)-like cells and decreased CSC-like markers, such as hyaluronic acid receptor (CD44), prominin-1 (CD133), yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ).
The treatment also elicited (a) suppression of the M2-linked tumor-promoting proteins STAT3, ARG1, and IL10, (b) induction of the M1-linked anti-tumor proteins STAT1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in the TAM, (c) elimination of CD133(+) GBM stem cells, and (d) activation of caspase3 in the GBM cells.
Immuno-labeling of cathepsins K and X was observed in areas of CD133-positive glioblastoma stem cells, localized around arterioles in their niches that also expressed SDF-1α and CD68. mRNA levels of both cathepsins K and X correlated with mRNA levels of markers of glioblastoma stem cells and their niches.
The present study demonstrated that miR‑141 is suppressed in sorted cluster of differentiation (CD) 133(+) glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) compared with CD133(‑) non‑glioblastoma stem cells (NSCs) from patient samples.
WIP knockdown from mtp53-expressing glioblastoma and breast cancer cells (BCC) greatly reduced proliferation and growth capacity of cancer stem cell (CSC)-like cells and decreased CSC-like markers (CD133, CD44 or YAP/TAZ). mtp53 overexpression in human astrocytes enhanced their proliferative capacity in suspension culture and increased expression of CSC markers and WIP.