In conclusion, dietary BA enhanced the growth and alleviated liver fibrosis induced by a high starch diet to steatohepatitis/recovery symptom via improving glucose and lipid metabolism, which regulated by AKT/FOXO1 and cAMP/AMPK/SREBP1 pathway in largemouth bass.
FK866 significantly promoted liver steatosis in the mice fed with HFD and hepatic lipid accumulation in vitro, accompanied by the increases of the expressions of lipogenic genes such as sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and fatty acid synthase (FASN).
In summary, our data suggest that activation and knockdown of PXR in human hepatic cells promote de novo lipogenesis and steatosis by induction of the SREBP1 pathway and AKR1B10-mediated increase of ACC activity, respectively, thus providing mechanistic explanations for a putative dual role of PXR in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitis.
Using miR-33(-/-)Srebf1(+/-) mice, we demonstrate that SREBP-1 is a target of miR-33 and that the mechanisms leading to obesity and liver steatosis in miR-33(-/-) mice involve enhanced expression of SREBP-1.
Furthermore, overexpression of PPARdelta by intravenous infection with the PPARdelta adenovirus induced the expression of Insig-1, suppressed SREBP-1 activation, and, consequently, ameliorated hepatic steatosis in obese db/db mice.
We conclude that steatosis in HNF1alpha-mutated HCA results mainly from an aberrant promotion of lipogenesis that is linked to HNF1alpha inactivation and that is independent of both SREBP-1 and ChREBP activation.