Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common, potentially lethal, monogenic diseases and is caused predominantly by mutations in polycystic kidney disease 1 (PKD1) and PKD2, which encode polycystin 1 (PC1) and PC2, respectively.
Human conditionally immortalized Proximal Tubular Epithelial cells (ciPTEC) with stable knockdown of PKD1 (ciPTEC-PC1KD) and ciPTEC generated from an ADPKD1 patient (ciPTEC-PC1Pt) were used as experimental tools.
Unopposed cAMP stimulated hyperphosphorylation of PC2 in the absence of functional PC1 could contribute to cyst initiation in PKD1 patients and represents a new molecular paradigm in understanding ADPKD pathogenesis.
The cloning and characterization of pig PKD1 indicates that the pig and human genes are highly similar in length of genomic and cDNA sequences, genomic structure and context, expression patterns, conserved transcription factor binding sites, and the molecular mass of the encoded polycystin-1.
Multivariable logistic regression analysis with adjustment for conventional risk factors revealed that the -572G-->C polymorphism of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene (IL6) was significantly (P<0.001) associated with both atherothrombotic cerebral infarction and intracerebral hemorrhage and that the -55C-->T polymorphism of the uncoupling protein 3 gene (UCP3), the -863C-->A polymorphism of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene (TNF), and the G-->A (Gly243Asp) polymorphism of the polycystic kidney disease 1-like gene (PKD1-like) were significantly associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage.