Exposure of sarcoma and PDX ovarian carcinoma cells to [pazopanib + entinostat] caused a prolonged activation of ERBB1 and transient/prolonged activations of ERBB2, c-KIT, and c-MET, in a cell-specific fashion.
Seven samples from six patients were eligible for molecular testing of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), V-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS), v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B1 (BRAF) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) mutations using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) high-resolution melting curve analysis and Sanger sequencing after DNA extraction from the cell pellets of the CSF.
Sixty-nine HER2 kinase domain mutations were identified in tumors from 68 patients (approximately 1% of all cases, ranging from absent in sarcomas to 4% in urothelial cancers), which included previously published activating mutations and 13 novel mutations.
We conducted a phase I/II clinical study in which patients with recurrent/refractory human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive sarcoma received escalating doses (1 × 10(4)/m(2) to 1 × 10(8)/m(2)) of T cells expressing an HER2-specific chimeric antigen receptor with a CD28.ζ signaling domain (HER2-CAR T cells).
The current results suggest absence of ERBB-2 overexpression in uterine leiomyosarcoma, uterine adenosarcoma, and endometrial stromal sarcoma, whereas the ERBB-2 gene might have a biologic role in uterine carcinosarcoma and undifferentiated uterine sarcomas.
In this study, we demonstrate that long-term administration of soluble alpha-GalCer, spanning the time of tumor initiation, inhibits primary tumor formation in three different models: methylcholanthrene-induced sarcomas, mammary carcinomas in Her-2/neu transgenic mice, and spontaneous sarcomas in p53-/- mice.