Mice bearing intracranial TNBC tumors (SUM149, MDA-MB-231Br, MDA-MB-468, or MDA-MB-436) were treated with MEK, PI3K, or platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR; pazopanib) inhibitors alone or in combination.
CF33 was effective <i>in vitro</i> with potent cytotoxicity and efficient intracellular replication observed in TNBC lines with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway mutations that resulted in endogenous phospho-Akt (p-Akt) activity (BT549, Hs578T, and MDA-MB-468).
The mutational profile of TNBC during treatment as inferred from patterns of mutant allele frequencies in matched pre-and post-NAC samples showed that RD harbored alterations of cell cycle progression, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, and EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor-resistance pathways.
In the present study, we aimed to investigate, the effect of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway dual inhibitor, NVP-BEZ235 and Caffeic acid phenyl ester (CAPE) on TNBC cell line (MDA-MB-231), stimulated with TGF-β1 for 14days in vitro.
We also review the aberrant activated signals found in different subgroups of TNBC, including androgen receptor (AR) and PI3K/AKT/mTOR, Notch, Wnt/β-catenin, Hedge-hog, and TGF-β signaling pathways, which play essential roles in multiple development stages of TNBC.
Poly(ADP‑ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, phosphatidylinositol 3‑kinase (PI3K) inhibitors and carboplatin (CBP) have demonstrated sufficient efficacy and safety for their use as individual drugs for the treatment of TNBC; however, their effects on TNBC when used as a combination have not been investigated.
This review will focus on recent therapeutic innovations for TNBC, including poly-ADP-ribosyl polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway inhibitors, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors.