HDL proteomics analyses and subsequent validations and functional characterizations suggested a reduced clusterin and increased apolipoprotein C-III content of HDL(sCAD) and HDL(ACS) as mechanisms leading to altered effects on endothelial apoptosis.
Apolipoprotein (Apo) E and three main serum markers of glycosylation defects (transferrin, Tf, alpha1-antitrypsin, aAT and ApoCIII) in patients with Alzheimer's dementia (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and vascular dementia (n=62, 139 and 44, respectively) were analyzed by isoelectric focusing.
Data were extracted from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database, and 234 subjects (89 subjects with normal cognition (NC) and 145 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)) with CSF APOC-III measurements and 454 subjects (58 subjects with NC and 396 subjects with MCI) with plasma APOC-III measurements were included.
D25Vapolipoprotein C-III is a new human amyloidogenic protein and the first conferring cardioprotection even in the unfavourable context of renal failure, extending the evidence for an important cardiovascular protective role of apolipoprotein C-III deficiency.
We have recently reported that the human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) genes are physically linked and that the presence of a DNA insertion in the apoA-I gene is correlated with apoA-I-apoC-III deficiency in patients with premature atherosclerosis.
We examined the association of LpPLA2 activity and ApoC3 LOF mutations and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) (defined as coronary heart disease [CHD] plus ischemic stroke) and all-cause mortality in the biracial longitudinal Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities (ARIC) study.
Association of High-Density Lipoprotein Particles and High-Density Lipoprotein Apolipoprotein C-III Content With Cardiovascular Disease Risk According to Kidney Function: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.
These results indicate that absence of transcripts with correct apoAI and apoCIII mRNA sequences causes apoAI and apoCIII deficiency in the plasma of these patients and suggest that these apolipoproteins are involved in cholesterol homeostasis and protection against premature atherosclerosis.