We observed a statistically significant association between 4 SNPs and breast cancer risk and these 4 SNPs were in strong linkage disequilibrium in the Japanese population. rs2420946 was associated with a population-attributable risk of 17.7%.
Three commonly studied FGFR2 polymorphisms including rs1219648 (A > G), rs2420946 (C > T), and rs2981582 (C > T) were selected to explore their association with risk of development of breast cancer by meta-analysis of published case-control studies.
FGFR2 haplotypes based upon rs11200014, rs2981579, rs1219648 and rs2420946 were associated with increased risk of breast cancer, including the GTGT haplotype in AAs [OR = 1.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.56] and younger women of either race [OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.02-1.78) and the ATGT haplotype in Whites (OR = 1.30, 95% CI 1.15-1.46).
To investigate this inconsistency, we performed a meta-analysis of 37 studies involving a total of 288,142 subjects for rs2981582, rs1219648, and rs2420946 polymorphism of the FGFR2 gene to evaluate the effect of FGFR2 on genetic susceptibility for BC.
In the haplotype analysis, the FGFR2 rs2981582 T / rs2420946 T / rs1219648 G haplotype (ht2) was associated with a significantly increased BC risk compared with the rs2981582 C / rs2420946 C / rs1219648 A haplotype in familial BC and in non-familial early-onset BC (OR = 1.32, 95 % CI 1.06-1.65, P = 0.012; OR = 1.46, 95 % CI 1.11-1.91, P = 0.004, respectively).