The SNPs of FGFR2 rs1219648 and PI3KCA rs6443624 may contribute to the identification of breast cancer patients at risk of more aggressive disease and may be potential prognostic factors in breast cancer in a Chinese population.
This meta-analysis of case-control studies provides strong evidence that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGFR2; rs11200014, rs2981579, and rs1219648) polymorphisms are significantly associated with the BC risk.
Five of the 17 SNPs were significantly associated (P ≤ 0.05) with overall breast cancer in the same direction as previously reported: rs13387042 (2q35/TNP1), rs4973768 (3p24/SLC4A7), rs2046210 (6q25/ESR1), rs1219648 (10q26/FGFR2), and rs4784227 (16q12/TOX3).
In a group of 31 cases diagnosed with breast cancer and 30 healthy women with matched ages, the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1219648, rs2981582 in FGFR2 gene were identified by sequence analysis and the SNPs rs10754339, rs10801935, and rs3738414 in the B7-H4 gene were identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method.
To investigate this inconsistency, we performed a meta-analysis of 37 studies involving a total of 288,142 subjects for rs2981582, rs1219648, and rs2420946 polymorphism of the FGFR2 gene to evaluate the effect of FGFR2 on genetic susceptibility for BC.
In the haplotype analysis, the FGFR2 rs2981582 T / rs2420946 T / rs1219648 G haplotype (ht2) was associated with a significantly increased BC risk compared with the rs2981582 C / rs2420946 C / rs1219648 A haplotype in familial BC and in non-familial early-onset BC (OR = 1.32, 95 % CI 1.06-1.65, P = 0.012; OR = 1.46, 95 % CI 1.11-1.91, P = 0.004, respectively).
Seven SNPs were statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05) with the risk of overall breast cancer in the same direction as previously reported: rs10069690 (5p15/TERT), rs999737 (14q24/RAD51L1), rs13387042 (2q35/TNP1), rs1219648 (10q26/FGFR2), rs8170 (19p13/BABAM1), rs17817449 (16q12/FTO), and rs13329835 (16q23/DYL2).
To examine whether these variants contribute to risk of radiation-associated breast cancer in HL, we analyzed 2 independent case-control series, from the United Kingdom and The Netherlands, totaling 693 HL patients, 232 with breast cancer and 461 without. rs1219648, which annotates the FGFR2 gene, was associated with risk in both series (combined per-allele odds ratio = 1.59, 95% confidence interval: 1.26-2.02; P = .000111).
Only 5 out of 9 GWAS breast cancer loci were found to be significantly associated with breast cancer in Tunisians: The rs1219648 (G vs. A allele: OR = 1.36, P = 1 × 10(-3)) and rs2981582 (A vs. G allele: OR = 1.55, P = 3 × 10(-6)) of FGFR2 gene; the rs8051542 of the TNRC9 gene (T vs. C allele: OR = 1.40, P = 4 × 10(-4)); the rs889312 of the MAP3K1 gene (C vs. A allele: OR = 1.33, P = 3 × 10(-3)) and the rs13281615 located on 8q24 (G vs. A allele: OR = 1.21, P = 0.03).
Four SNPs mapped to 10q26.13/FGFR2 were associated with increased breast cancer risk via an additive model with per-allelic risks (95 % CI) of 1.26 (1.12-1.43) at rs1219648, 1.22 (1.07-1.38) at rs2981582, 1.21 (1.07-1.36) at rs2981579, and 1.18 (1.04-1.35) at rs11200014.
The FGFR2-breast cancer association was modified by smoking status, with increased risk for former and current smokers compared to never smokers; former/current smokers carrying two copies of the rs1219648 minor allele were at highest risk with a crude OR (95% confidence interval) of 2.11 (1.52-2.92) compared to never smokers with no rs1219648 variant alleles.
Three commonly studied FGFR2 polymorphisms including rs1219648 (A > G), rs2420946 (C > T), and rs2981582 (C > T) were selected to explore their association with risk of development of breast cancer by meta-analysis of published case-control studies.
FGFR2 rs1219648 and rs2981582 genotypes were significantly associated with breast cancer in EA only in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), progesterone receptor-positive (PR+) and HER2/Neu-negative (HER2-) tumors.
We genotyped 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) densely covering a 27 kb region within intron 2 of FGFR2 including two SNPs (rs2981582 and rs1219648) significantly associated with breast cancer and a total 40 tagSNPs across 150 kb of the FGFR2 gene.