A total of 5 tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs2299941 of PTEN, rs2735385, rs6999227, rs1805812, and rs1061302 of Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1) were tightly associated with breast cancer risk in sporadic cases, and 5 other tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1042522 of TP53, rs2735343 of PTEN, rs7220719, rs16945628, and rs11871753 of BRCA1-interacting protein 1) were tightly associated with breast cancer risk in familial and early-onset cases.
Allele 399Gln (OR 1.57; 95% CI 1.05-2.35), Arg399Gln of gene XRCC1 heterozygous genotype (OR 2.77; 95% CI 1.60-4.80), the combination of Arg399Gln/Arg72Pro of genes XRCC1/TP53 heterozygous genotype (OR 3.98; 95% CI 1.57-10.09), Arg399Gln/T309G of genes XRCC1/MDM2 (OR 3.0; 95% CI 1.18-7.56), as well as Arg399Gln/Arg72Pro/T309G of genes XRCC1/TP53/MDM2 (OR 6.40; 95% CI 1.18-34.63) were associated with BC in Kyrgyz women.
However, the results obtained from the combination of SNPs 344T>A of MDM2 and 72 Arg/Pro of p53, do not support the hypothesis of the prominent role of common p53 and MDM2 variations in the genetic mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in breast cancer.
Arg72Pro and PIN3(16bp duplication) polymorphisms are proposed to have an effective role in structural changes of p53 and have therefore attracted interest as a risk factor for breast cancer in different populations.
The results of present study indicated that among the five TP53 polymorphisms investigated, the p.R72P polymorphism, and the RP-A1A1 and RP-GG genotype combination contribute to breast cancer susceptibility in North Indians.
Here, we investigated the effect on breast cancer survival of germline variation in these genes in 925 Finnish breast cancer patients and further analyzed five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PRKAG2 (rs1029946, rs4726050, rs6464153, rs7789699) and PPP2R2B (rs10477313) for 10-year survival in breast cancer patients, interaction with TP53 R72P and MDM2-SNP309, outcome after specific adjuvant therapy and correlation to tumor characteristics in 4,701 invasive cases from four data sets.
Interestingly, we observed a combinational effect between MDM4 rs4245739 and P53 Arg72Pro variants in attenuating breast cancer risk, highlighting the importance of the P53 tumor suppressor pathway genes during malignant transformation.
In the stratified analyses, a significant association between MDM2 SNP309 and breast cancer</span> risk were observed in Asian, but null significant association between TP53 R72P and breast cancer risk were found even in various subgroups.
In this study, we investigated whether MDM2-SNP309 is associated with p53 R72P genetic polymorphism for the risk of breast cancer development in Asian Taiwanese, which has not been well-studied in this regard.
The G allele of the TP53 R72P polymorphism and T allele of the MDM2 SNP309 polymorphism were putative high-risk alleles and exhibited a combined gene-dose-dependent joint effect on breast cancer risk that was more clearly observed in postmenopausal women.
An increase in breast cancer-specific mortality was observed for carriers of the germline MDM2 SNP309 rare GG-genotype (range hazard ratios: 2-3) or TP53 R72P heterozygous GC-genotype (range hazard ratios: 1-2) compared to those having the common genotypes within subgroups of tumors displaying a "more aggressive phenotype" gene expression profile.