Our results indicate a remarkable application of R72P genotyping in the clinical setting: refine patient subclassification to identify those with an adverse clinical course despite tumour free lymph node status.
Tissue culture and mouse model studies show that the presence of the arginine (R) or proline (P) coding single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the tumor suppressor gene p53 at codon 72 (p53 R72P) differentially affects the responses to genotoxic insult.
The aim of this study was to detect TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism in postmenopausal patients with endometrial cancer (EC), to evaluate the risk of EC connected with it, as well to check for possible relationships with staging, grading and some risk factors of this neoplasm.
In recent years, a new physiological role in human fertility regulation has emerged for the tumor- suppressor p53 gene (P53), and the P53 Arg72Pro polymorphism has been associated with recurrent implantation failure in humans.
There was no evidence of such an effect on survival within the TP53-mutated tumor group for TP53 R72P carriers but a suggestion of an effect for MDM2 SNP309 carriers (GG vs. TT-genotype HR 2.99, P = 0.06).
In this hospital-based case-control study, four potentially functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms -1628 G>A (rs1591420), -606 T>C [rs4978620, in complete linkage disequilibrium with -249T>C (rs2012775) and -122 G>A(rs2012566)], c.179 C>T p.Ala60Val (rs2269700) and 3' untranslated region-rs3750505 as well as the TP53 tumor suppressor gene codon 72 (Arg72Pro, rs1042522) polymorphism were genotyped in 1111 non-Hispanic Whites SCCHN patients and 1130 age-and sex-matched cancer-free controls.
To evaluate the significance of the TP53 mutation as a molecular marker to predict the prognosis of CRC patients, especially those who received postoperative chemotherapy, we examined the mutation by direct sequencing from fresh CRC tumors and evaluated the R72P polymorphism of the mutated TP53 by a combined mutant allele- and polymorphic allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
The germ-line polymorphisms TP53 Arg72Pro and MDM2 SNP309 T>G are risk factors for tumor development and affect response to chemotherapy and survival in several cancers, but their prognostic and predictive value in patients with high-grade osteosarcomas is not yet defined.
Patients who had the allele Pro of the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism had an increased risk of tumor development (odds ratio, OR = 3.23; confidence interval at 95%, 95%CI = 1.71-6.08; P = 0.003), as did the allele Ser of TP53 Pro47Ser polymorphism (OR = 1.28; 95%CI = 0.03-2.10; P = 0.01).
Specifically, two polymorphisms in p53, c.97-147ins16bp and p.Arg72Pro have been analysed as putative breast cancer susceptibility variants, and it has been recently reported that a p53 haplotype combining the absence of the 16-bp insertion and the presence of proline at codon 72 (No Ins-72Pro) was associated with an earlier age at the onset of the first primary tumour in BRCA2 mutation carriers in the Spanish population.