Of them, a nonsynonymous polymorphism, Arg72Pro (rs1042522 C>G), has been most extensively studied for the association with cancer risk; however, few studies have investigated its effect on Wilms' tumor.
Risk of cancer</span> specific mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and respiratory mortality were not associated with Arg72Pro genotype overall; however, in exploratory subgroup analyses, genotype-associated risks of malignant melanoma and diabetes were altered.
Hence, this study explores the single and combined effects of cancer risk, age of onset and cancer type of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-TP53 Pro72Arg, MDM2 SNP285 and SNP309-already described as modifiers on TP53 mutation carriers but not properly investigated in LFS Suggestive patients.
Among various polymorphic variants of TP53 gene, codon 72 polymorphism (Arg72Pro) has been found to be associated with cancer susceptibility, but only few studies have investigated their effect on thyroid cancer risk.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of p53 rs1042522, MDM2 rs2279744 and p21 rs1801270, all in the p53 pathway, which plays a crucial role in DNA damage and genomic instability, were reported to be associated with cancer risk and pathologic characteristics.
We have also found that the ectopic expression of p53-R248W/P72R in MG63 cells promoted cancer stem-like features, as high proliferation rate, sphere formation, clonogenic growth, high migration and invasive ability; furthermore, it strongly increased the levels of stemness proteins.
Mouse models for the p53 R72P polymorphism have recently been developed but a role for this SNP in modifying cancer risk in response to viral and chemical carcinogens has yet to be established experimentally.
Analysis of TP53 (rs1042522) showed a significantly higher frequency in cancer samples (OR=1.22, 95%CI=1.004-1.481, p-value=0.016) while differences in frequency were not significant within each group (p-value=0.070).
The aim of this report is to determine frequencies and associations of p53 codon 72 arg/pro polymorphism with different types of cancer in Sudan. p53 codon72 arg/pro polymorphism distribution and allele frequencies in 264 samples of different types of cancers were investigated using PCR.